加拿大28开奖官网

王立华 |从百年发电量看美国: 将要发生巨变的临界期?

2020-03-27 14:40:20  来源:加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28预测_购彩平台
点击:    评论: (查看)

  【内容提要】加拿大28开奖官网发电量是衡量生产力水平的一个客观标志。考察百年美国的发电量增速,自然呈现出三个阶段。1972年后,美国发电量增速不断下降,2000年至今增长停滞甚至长期负增长,危机严重程度超过上世纪30年代的大萧条时期,说明美国现存国家制度已成为生产力发展的桎梏。当年,罗斯福通过大刀阔斧的新政改革使美国渡过一个生死关,后来新自由主义兴起国家整体向右转,经过几十年的制度反动已耗尽新政改革的成果,导致社会矛盾极度尖锐化,美国又进入新的革命和战争的临界期。面对如此危险和机遇并存的大变局,中国必须以深刻变化来应对。

  一、用发电量增速考证一下美国的生产力状况

  makesizhuyirenwei,shengchanlishirenleishehuifazhandegenbendongli,shilishifazhanzhongzuihuoyuezuigemingdeyinsu,hengliangguojiashangcengjianzhuheshengchanguanxijinbuyufoudegenbenbiaozhun,yaokanduishengchanlidecujinhejiefangzuoyong。congrenleishehuidehongguanjinchenglaikan,ruguoyigeguojiashengchanlifazhanshouzudadaoxiangdangchengdushi,yibanhuichuxiansanzhongjieguo: yaometongguogeminggaibianchenfuluohoudeshengchanguanxi,yaomefadongzhanzhengzhuanyinanyikefudeneizaimaodun,yaomebukejiuyaodixiaoshizailishiyanchenzhong。keyiyongciguandianfenxiyixiadangjindemeiguo。

  ruhebijiaozhunqueguliangshengchanlishouzuchengduni?xianzaitongxingyonggdpmiaoshujingjifazhan,nanyiduishengchanlizhuangkuangjinxingkeguanjieding。jiyushichangjiagetongjidegdp,youyushoujiagebianhuahehuobishouduanyingxiangtaida,nanyizhunquehengliangyigeguojiadeshengshuaibianhua,shenzhihuiyijiaxiangyangaizhenxiang。jiuruqianxienian,yigechuziquanweibumenderenjunmeiyuangdp,bajiangjiawangchaotonghuopengzhangshuqianbeide1948nian,yanzhizaozaodishuochengshizhongguorenjungdpshijiepaiweizuigaodehuangjinniandai,erqiezhongguozhijindouyuanyuandabudaoneishidepaiweimingci,neiyanghuangtangdegdphaiyoukeguanxingma?jingjifazhanshirenleishengchanhuodongdechengguo,shengchanlishijinxingshengchanhuodongdenengli,congzheigeyiyishangjiang,youyizhongshujukeyigengjiafangbiandilianghuajibenshengchanli,tajiushiyigeguojiadefadianlianghuohaodianliang【1】。

加拿大28开奖官网  renleishehuizaoyijinrudianqihuashidai,dianshidangjinshijiezuijujuedingxing、zhijiexinghefugaixingdeshengchandongli,jihuquanbushehuishengchanshenghuodoulibukaidianlizhichi,meitan、shiyou、tianranqidengqitanengyuan,dadouxuyaozhuanhuaweidianlicainengjinrushengchan。qitaxingyekeyizaiyigeshiqiyouxianhuozanhuanfazhan,dianlifazhanqueshiguojiajingjifazhanquanjudeyouxiankaolv。yibanlaishuo,shehuishengchanlifazhan、jingjizengzhangbaokuoshenghuoshuipingtigao,biranyaoqiufadianliangzengzhangxiangyingdejiakuai,ruguofadianliangzengzhangmanhuoshifuzengzhang,yejiuyiweizheshehuishengchanlihejingjizengzhangsudujiangdihuoxiajiang。meiyouqiangdadedianlizhichijiumeiyouxiandaishengchanheshenghuo,yueshijinrugongyehua、xinxihua、wangluohuahezhinenghuashehui,yueshixuyubunenglikaidianlizhichi。

加拿大28开奖官网  fadian、shudian、yongdianshizaishunjiantongshiwancheng,fadianliangbunengduoyuyebunengbuzu,dianlishengchanbixuyushijishengchanshenghuoxuqiupingheng。chulexiangjianadaneizhongdianlishuchudaguowai,fadianliangjibendaibiaoyigeguojiayijingshixianledeyongdianxuqiu,fadianliangyejiushiyijingzuolegongdeshengchanli。kexuejishuyeyaozaishengchanhuodongzhongzhenzhengfashengzuoyong,cainengchengweixianshishengchanli,fouzejiuzhinengshiqianzaishengchanli,eryaobianchengshijishengchanlijibendouyaodianlilaipeitaoqudong。

  fadianliangbeigongrenshijingjifazhandeqingyubiao、wendujihexianxingguan,yekekanzuoshengchanlifazhansuduheshuipingdehengliangbiaozhi。suoyi,yanjiuyigeguojiafadianliangdebianhuaguilv,nenggougengjiazhunquedifanyingqishengchanlizhuangkuang。yigejibenshengchanlibuduanshuailuo、shehuishenghuoshuipingtingzhihuoxiajiangdeguojia,bukenengyemeiyouliliangnenggouzhangqiweichibaquan。

  二、美国发电量增速从20世纪70年代后不断走低

  cong1917niandao2017nian,meiguoniandufadianliangshuju【2】shiqiquande,weilezhiguanjianjie,zaibuyingxiangfanyingjibenqushideqiantixia,yi5nianweiyigeshijianduan,bijiaoyixiabainianmeiguofadianliangzengzhangsudubianhuazhuangkuang【3】。

加拿大28开奖官网  1917nian434.29yiqianwashi。bi1912nianzengzhang0.75bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  1922nian612.04yiqianwashi,bi1917nianzengzhang0.41bei。

  1927nian1013.90yiqianwashi,bi1922nianzengzhang0.66bei。

  1932nian993.59yiqianwashi,bi1927nianzengzhang-0.2bei。

  1937nian1464.76yiqianwashi,bi1932nianzengzhang0.47bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  1942nian2331.46yiqianwashi,bi1937nianzengzhang0.59bei。

  1947nian3073.10yiqianwashi,bi1942nianzengzhang0.32bei。

  1952nian4630.55yiqianwashi,bi1947nianzengzhang0.51bei。

  1957nian7163.56yiqianwashi,bi1952nianzengzhang0.84bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  1962nian9465.26yiqianwashi,bi1957nianzengzhang0.32bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  1967nian13173.61yiqianwashi,bi1962nianzengzhang0.39bei。

  1972nian18533.90yiqianwashi,bi1967nianzengzhang0.41bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  1977nian22110.31yiqianwashi,bi1972nianzengzhang0.19bei。

  1982nian23022.87yiqianwashi,bi1977nianzengzhang0.04bei。【4】

  1987nian27160.04yiqianwashi,bi1982nianzengzhang0.18bei。

  1992nian31148.56yiqianwashi,bi1987nianzengzhang0.15bei。

  1997nian35262.29yiqianwashi,bi1992nianzengzhang0.13bei。【5】

加拿大28开奖官网  2002nian38794.35yiqianwashi,bi1997nianzengzhang0.10bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  2007nian41879.97yiqianwashi,bi2002nianzengzhang0.08bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  2012nian40950.32yiqianwashi,bi2007nianzengzhang-0.02bei。

  2017nian40905.82yiqianwashi,bi2012nianzengzhang-0.001bei。

  zongguanmeiguobainianlishi,fadianliangyouyigefeichangmingxiandequshi,jiushizengzhangsuduyuelaiyuehuanmanzhidaotingzhi。jibenkefenweisangezirandeshijianduan:

  diyiduan: 1917nianzhi1972nian,mei5nianzengzhangbeishuchuyinianwaijibenzai0.32beiyishang。zhei55nianjian,meiguofadianliangzengzhang41.68bei,nianjunzengzhang0.76bei。

  dierduan: 1972nianzhi2002nian,mei5nianzengzhangbeishuzai0.10beiyishang。zhei30nianjian,meiguofadianliangzengzhang1.09bei,nianjunzengzhang0.04bei。

  disanduan: 2002nianzhi2017nian,mei5nianzengzhangbeishudiyu0.10。zhei15nianjian,meiguofadianliangzengzhang0.05bei,nianjunzengzhang0.003bei。qizhong2007nianzhi2017nianshifuzengzhang。

加拿大28开奖官网  congnianjunfadianliangzengzhangsudulaikan,diyiduanshidierduande19bei,shidisanduande253.33bei。yejiushishuo,cong20shiji70niandaizhihou,meiguodefadianliangzengzhangsududafujiangdi,youqijinru21shijihoudemeiguo,fadianliangzengzhangsudujihujinrutingzhizhuangtai。

加拿大28开奖官网  huigulishikezhi,20shiji70niandaiyihou,qiaqiashimeiguotongzhijiejidiaozhengguojiazhengce,foudingdaxiaotiaoqijianluosifuxinzhengchengguo,dalituixingxinziyouzhuyidelishishiqi。yibanrenwei,zheiyidiaozhengshiyingleshidaiyaoqiu,jiejueleguoqushixingguojiaganyuhefulizhengcedebiduan,tuidonglejingjifazhan。dancongmeiguofadianliangzengsulaikan,zheiqiaqiashiyidianliweibiaozhideshengchanli,fazhansudubuduanxiajiangzhizhitingzhidekaiduan。

加拿大28开奖官网  xinziyouzhuyibiaobangdeziyoujingji,dailaidezhishizibendeshengyan,erbushiguojiaherenmindefuyin。fangkailelongduanzibenduishehuipanbodeziyou,caifufenpeixunsuxiangzibenqingxie。1989nianzhi2018nian30nianjian,zuifuyou10%dejiatingzhanyoujiatingcaifuzongeshangshengzhi70%,erzuidiceng50%dejiatingcaifujingzengzhangjibenweiling,chaoguo40%demeiguorennanyifudanzhufang、shipinheyiliaodengjibenshenghuozhichu,you6500wanrenyouyuyiliaofeiyongguogaoerzaishengbingshifangqizhiliao。lianmeiguoertongbaohujijindoupiping,zaiquanqiuzuifuyoudeguojia,juranhaiyouchaoguo1/5deertong,meitiandoubudebumianduiwubicankudexianshi: xiadunchishenme,jinwanshuinali?【6】zheiyangyigepinfuliangjifenhuabuduanjiadadeshehui,budanbuhuijiefanghecujinshengchanli,qiaqiashiyigeyanzhongzhigushengchanlifazhandeshehui。

  三、现阶段美国发电量增长停滞比大萧条时期严重

  cong2000nianzhi2018nianjin20nian,meiguofadianliangjinzengzhang0.12bei。qizhong2007nianbi2000nianzengzhang0.09bei,2017nianbi2007nianxingshigengjiayanjun,zengzhangfudushi-0.02bei,zhei10niandemeiyinian,doumeiyouchaoguo2007nianfadianliang,zhidao2018niancailveweichaoguo0.0098bei。xiamianshi2000nianhoumeiguofadianliangnianduzengzhangqingkuang:

加拿大28开奖官网  2000nian38358.68yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang0.03bei。

  2001nian37586.71yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang-0.2bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  2002nian38794.35yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang0.03bei。

  2003nian38896.05yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang0.003bei。

  2004nian39818.67yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang0.02bei。

  2005nian40802.01yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang0.02bei。

  2006nian40831.22yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang0.0007bei。

  2007nian41879.97yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang0.001bei。

  2008nian41522.09yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang-0.01bei。

  2009nian39843.84yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang-0.04bei。

  2010nian41510.37yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang0.04bei。

  2011nian41328.92yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang-0.004bei。

  2012nian40950.32yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang-0.01bei。

  2013nian41238.40yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang-0.01bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  2014nian41468.18yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang0.01bei。

  2015nian41442.72yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang-0.0006bei。

  2016nian41431.77yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang-0.0003bei。

  2017nian40905.82yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang-0.01bei。

  2018nian42291.73yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang0.03bei。【7】

  jinguanyulunchongchizheduimeiguojingjideleguanmiaoshu,sihuzaixinxinxiangrongdefazhan,dancongfadianliangzengsulaikan,meiguojinnianlaidejingjishuaituizhuangkuang,yuanbi20shiji30niandaidedaxiaotiaoshiqiyanzhong。duibiyixia1929nianzhi1935niandefadianliangzengsu【8】,jiunengrenshidaozheigewenti。

  1929nian1167.47yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang0.08bei。

  1930nian1146.37yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang-0.02bei。

  1931nian1093.73yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang-0.05bei。

  1932nian993.59yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang-0.09bei。

  1933nian1026.55yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang0.03bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  1934nian1104.04yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang0.08bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  1935nian1189.35yiqianwashi,bishangnianzengzhang0.08bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  1929nianzhi1933niandaxiaotiaoshiqi,meiguofadianliangfuzengzhangnianfenzhiyou3nian,guole5niandao1935nianbianchaoguolishifengzhikaishizengzhang。zheicifadianliangfuzengzhangshijianshi8nian,cong2007niandao2017nianyizhizaidigupaihuai,zhidao2018niancailveweichaoguolishifengzhi。fadianliangtingzhihexiajiangshijian,yijingshishangshijijingjidaxiaotiaoshideliangbei。

加拿大28开奖官网  shangcidaxiaotiao,meiguodebanfashifoudingziyouzhuyijingjixue,dadaokuofudituixingluosifuxinzheng。zheigexinzhengshigemingxingde,shunyingshehuishengchanlifazhandeyaoqiu,xishoujiejianleshehuizhuyideyixielinianhezuofa,bameiguocongyuanshiyemandeziyouzibenzhuyigaizaochenglexiandaizibenzhuyi,congerbaozhengledaxiaotiaohoudefusuzengzhang。danzaiduguonanguanjishinianhou,tamenquefoudinglezheigesixianghezhidudejinbu,cong20shijiqibashiniandaikaishi,meiguotongzhijiejijuqixinziyouzhuyideqizijitixiangyouzhuan,tamendekouhaoshiyaobameiguodaihuidao“shehuizhuyiduoquan(jiluosifushangtai)qiandemeiguo”。suiranzheizhongdaoxingnishidebianhua,beilongduanzibenkongzhideyulunguchuidefengguangwuxian,shijishangneilidejingjiheshehuiwentiqueyuelaiyueyanzhong,yuelaiyuejihua。jinzai2019nian,meiguojiufashengle415qidaguimoqiangjishijian,gongyou39052rensiyuyuqiangzhiyouguandebaolishijian,pingjunmeitianjin107renhuozhemei15fenzhongjiuyouyirenbeiqiangsha【9】,meinianqiangshaxiangdangyuyichangdaguimozhanzhengdezhansun,nandaozheijinjinshiyibandekongqiangwentima?zheizhongkongbuzhuangkuangzaizhongguonengxiangxiangma?nandaozheibushishehuimaodunjiduanjihuadejutibiaoxianma?jingguozhijin40duoniandezhidufandonghou,meiguoxinzhenggaigedelaobenjibenchiguang,jinru21shijihoudezheigejingjishuaituiyijingchixulejin20nian,fadianliangnianjunzengzhangzhiyou0.003bei,jishimeiyoufuzengzhangyejiejintingzhizhuangtaile。zheizhongqingkuangfeichangqingchudeshuoming,meiguoxianyoushehuizhiduduishengchanlidejijizuoyongzhujianxiaoshidaijin,yijingchengweiyanzhongzhiyueshengchanlifazhandezhigu,ruguomeiyougemingxingbianhua,huizaibuyuandejianglaichudawenti。

加拿大28开奖官网  wentishi,meiguohainengjinxing80nianqianluosifuxinzhengneiyangdegaigema?jinjicidaxuanhejinniandejingxuan,douchuxianyixiejuyoushehuizhuyiqingxiangdehouxuanren,baokuotelangpuyeshizaishichuhunshenjieshuyijuejuedeshouduanjiumeiguo,shenzhiduizijidemengguohehuobandouhaobukeqideqiaozhalesuo,zheihaowuyiwenyingdangshimeiguomianlinzhongdaweijidefanying。danshi,tamenyouluosifuneiyangdegaigejuexinheyuanjianma?tamendebanfanengpaoyingmeiguoshuaituidesuduma?tamennengkefubeilongduanzibenguchuicheng“shengjing”dexinziyouzhuyiniliuma?

  haiyou,mianduirucishenkebianju,zhongguonengxiangdangshidesulianshehuizhuyineiyang,poshimeiguohezhenggeshijiexiangzuozhuanma?telangpuyijingrenshidao,zhongguozheiyangdezhidumeiguogenbenjingzhengbuguo,dantamenbingbushixiajuexingaigemeiguoyijingjianghualuohoudeshehuizhidu,ershihuanxiangbingqianglieyaoqiuzhongguogaidiaoshitamentebiehaipadezhidu。zhongguodetanfumaibanzibenshili,jiqizhichideqinmeifangonggongzhiheyixiezhengjingjierenshi,sihutebierenketelangpudeshuofa。tamenrenweimeiguozhidushiwanmeiwuquede,zhongguoxianyouzhiduduimeiguobugongping,meiguoduizhongguotichudezhengzhijingjiyaoqiuyuzhongguodegaigefangxiangyizhi,zhuzhanggaidiaoneixierangmeiguohaipahebumanyidezhidu,shixingyitaorangmeiguonenggoumanyidezhidu。tamenjiezhuyumeiguowaibushiya“daobizhongguogaige”,gongkaiyaoqiudangheguojiafangqihegaibianzhongguoteseshehuizhuyidejibenzhidu,shixingmeiguoyaoqiudechedidesiyouhua、shichanghuaheziyouhua。tamendelilunbiaozhun,sihuzhiyouyijingchoudajiechoushijiedexinziyouzhuyijiaotiao,erbushizhongguodegenbenliyihezhongguorenmindeshijianjielun。

  四、美国GDP增长与发电量、政府债务严重偏离

加拿大28开奖官网  yibanrenweigdpshijingjixingshuaidebiaozhi,danjuedinggdpzengzhangzhishaoyoulianggeyaosu: yishishengchanfazhandailaidewuliangzengzhang,yishihuobichaofadailaidejiagezengzhang。youfadianliangzhichengdezengzhang,shihuozhenjiashidecaifuzengzhang;tongguoduoyinchaopiaozhichidezengzhang,zhibuguoshiyixiejinrongpaomo;haiyoujujieneizhaihewaizhai,gengshitongguotouzhiweilaijiejueyanqianwenti。buguanyongshenmeshouduan,yigeguojiayifadianliangweibiaozhideshengchanlibuzengzhang,shijishengchandewuzhicaifubuzengzhangerzhiyougdpzengzhang,zhinengshuomingchaopiaochaofa,zhijiexishilehuobidehanjinliang,jianjieboduolebufenhuobichiyouzhedecaifu,zheizhonggdpzengzhangdebuzaishizhenjinbaiyin,ershi“naitoule”huocaifupaomo。

  xiamian,jianada28kaijiangguanwangyongmeiguobainianfadianliang【10】chuxiande3geziranshijianduan,fenxiyixiagdp【11】zengzhangyufadianliangdeguanxi,congzhongrenshimeiguogdpzengzhangyushijishengchanlizengsudepianlichengdu。zaiyonggdpyuzhengfuzhaiwu【12】jinxingduibi,renshimeiguoguojiayunzhuandecaizhengxuqiuyujingjifazhandepianlichengdu。yigeqiyezhangqirubufuchushiyaopochangaizude,napatahaiyouyixiejishuzhuanliheshichangyoushiyewanjiubulemingyun,yigeguojiazhangqirubufuchudadaoyidingchengduhuizenyangni?yekeyizuoxiefenxi。weilejianjiezhiguan,yi5nianweiyigeshijianduan:

  1917niangdpzongliang597.02,zhaiwu57.18,zhan10%。

  1922niangdpzongliang734.32,zhaiwu229.63,zhan31%。

  1927niangdpzongliang955.44,zhaiwu185.12,zhan19%。

  1932niangdpzongliang595.32,zhaiwu194.87,zhan33%。

  1937niangdpzongliang930.29,zhaiwu364.25,zhan39%。

  1942niangdpzongliang1659.97,zhaiwu724.22,zhan44%。

加拿大28开奖官网  1947niangdpzongliang2499.45,zhaiwu2582.86,zhan103%。

  1952niangdpzongliang3677.28,zhaiwu2591.05,zhan70%。

  1957niangdpzongliang4748.51,zhaiwu2705.27,zhan57%。

加拿大28开奖官网  1962niangdpzongliang6051.15,zhaiwu2982.01,zhan49%。

加拿大28开奖官网  1967niangdpzongliang8617.31,zhaiwu3262.21,zhan38%。

加拿大28开奖官网  1972niangdpzongliang12824.49,zhaiwu4272.60,zhan33%。

  1977niangdpzongliang20859.51,zhaiwu6988.40,zhan34%。

加拿大28开奖官网  1982niangdpzongliang33449.91,zhaiwu11420.34,zhan34%。

加拿大28开奖官网  1987niangdpzongliang48702.17,zhaiwu23502.77,zhan48%。

  1992niangdpzongliang65392.99,zhaiwu40646.21,zhan62%。

  1997niangdpzongliang86085.15,zhaiwu54131.46,zhan63%。

加拿大28开奖官网  2002niangdpzongliang109775.14,zhaiwu62282.36,zhan57%。

  2007niangdpzongliang144776.35,zhaiwu90076.53,zhan62%。

加拿大28开奖官网  2012niangdpzongliang161512.55,zhaiwu164327.29,zhan102%。

  2017niangdpzongliang193868.01,zhaiwu204927.47,zhan106%。

  2018niangdpzongliang204941.00,zhaiwu219740.96【13】,zhan107%。

加拿大28开奖官网  diyiduan: cong1917niandao1972nian。meiguogdpzengzhang20.48bei,nianjun【14】zengzhang0.37bei;fadianliangzengzhang41.68bei,nianjunzengzhang0.76bei。nianjunfadianliangzengsushigdpde2.05bei。

  dierduan: cong1972niandao2002nian。meiguogdpzengzhang7.56bei,nianjunzengzhang0.25bei;fadianliangzengzhang1.09bei,nianjunzengzhang0.04bei。nianjunfadianliangzengsushigdpde0.16bei,gdpzengsushifadianliangde6.25bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  disanduan: cong2002niandao2017nian。meiguogdpzengzhang0.77bei,nianjunzengzhang0.05bei;fadianliangzengzhang0.05bei,nianjunzengzhang0.003bei。nianjunfadianliangzengsushigdpde0.06bei,gdpzengsushifadianliangde16.67bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  jianada28kaijiangguanwangkandao: bainianmeiguodegdpzengsu,younianjun0.37bei,jiangdaonianjun0.25bei,zaijiangdaonianjun0.05bei,zhiduhuoliyuelaiyuequxiangjiangsi,zaibugaigepalaibujile。

  jianada28kaijiangguanwanghaikandao: bainianmeiguodefadianliangzengsu,yougdpde2.05bei,daofanguolaigdpzengsushifadianliangde6.25bei,xianzaiyishifadianliangde16.67bei。youqi1972nianhou,meiguodegdpzengzhangyuelaiyueliqi,sihubuxuyaoyifadianliangweibiaozhideshengchanlizengzhanglaibaozhengle。

  bainianmeiguofadianliang、gdpyuzhengfuzhaiwudezengzhangbili: fadianliangzengzhang93.19bei,gdpzengzhang323.73bei,zhengfuzhaiwuzengzhang3582.90bei。qizhonggdpzengsushifadianliangde3.47bei,zhaiwuzengsushigdpde11.07bei,shifadianliangde38.45bei。

加拿大28开奖官网  wuyongzhiyideshishijiushi,meiguoyidianliweibiaozhideshengchanlizengsu,yuanxiaoyumeiguogdpzengsu;meiguojianlizaigdpzhishangdeshuishouzengsu,youyuanxiaoyuzhengfucaizhengzhichudezengsu。

  jinru21shijiyilai,cong2000niandao2018nian,18nianjianmeiguofadianliangjinzengzhang0.10bei,ergdpdezengzhang0.99bei【15】,zhengfuzhaiwuzengzhangle2.87bei【16】。congzengzhangsudulaikan,gdpshifadianliangde9.9bei,zhengfuzhaiwuyoushigdpde2.89bei,yijinglianxu7nianzhaiwushuipingchaoguogdpzongliang。1971nianhouguohuiyijing80cipizhuntigaozhaiwushangxian,erfadianliangjin20nianlaijibenchuyutingzhizhuangtai,zheiyangdedabianjubixuyinqigaoduzhongshi。

  meiguofadianliangzengsudimierbuyingxianggdpzengzhang,buyikaoshengchanlidezengzhanglaituidonggdpzengzhang,jiujingkaoshenmeliangfangmiaocecaiyoukenengni?aomijiushimeiguogdpzhong85%yishanglaiyuanyuyijinrongweizhongxindejianada28kaijiangguanwangye【17】。youyumeiyuandeshijiejinrongbaquandiwei,meiguochengweijishijie“yangxing”、shijieshangxing、shijietouxingweiyitidejinrongdiguo,shijiegeguozhuyaofuzeshengchanhemaoyi,meiguozhuyaofuzeyinchao、fangdai、touzihejiesuan,geguotigongmeiguoxuyaodeshangpindedaomeiyuan,yinweiyoumeiyuancainengjinxingguojimaoyi,yingyumeiyuanmaichengmeizhaiyiranfangzaimeiguo,ermeiguozhixuyaoyinmeiyuangoumaixiaofeijiuxing,haikeyitongguotigaohuozhejiangdililv,tongguolianghuakuansonghuozheshoujinyingen,duibieguojinxingzhouqixingdejianyangmao。baokuoyunyongzhanzhengzaineidegezhongfeirendaoshouduan,zhizaojinrongkaifangmubiaoguodezhengzhijingjiweiji,dijiachaodixingchengjudazichanxingshouyi,jinxingjinronghecaifuxijie。erzheiyiqie,doushimeiguodeshaoshujinrongguatouzaicaozuo,manzutamendesirenliyishizhigaowushangdeyaoqiu。

  meiyuanshizaiguojijingjidaxunhuanzhongde“shougeji”【18】,guojimaoyizhongshiyonghechucundemeiyuanyueduo,meiguoshouqudeguojizhubishuihetongzhangshuijiuyueduo,meiguoliyongmeiyuanwuchangzhanyougeguodecaifuyeyueduo。dangjinmeiguo,yijingcongyigegongyeshengchandaguotuibianchenglejinrongshilidiguo,zheijimeiguodailaiwukebinidejudaliyi,yemaixialeshengchanlifazhantingzhidejudakunjing。suizhemeiguoshengchanlibuduanshuailuo,zheizhongshengcunfangshiyuelaiyueshiquzhichi,dailaizuyizaochengbengkuidejudaweixie。meiguobixujinxingzhongdadezhengcediaozhenghezhidugeming,danxianzaitamenbingmeiyouzugoudefansheng,ershibazijidekunjingguizuiyuwai,zheiyangdesiluyanxuxiaqu,jianghuichengweiduishijienanyiyucedejudapohuaililiang。

  五、美国走出当前困境可能采取的措施

  yishikuaisufazhanshengchanzengjiashuishoujianshaozhaiwu。zheizaimeiguoxianyouzhuangtaixiajihushitianfangyetan,ruguomeiyoufashengjiefanghefazhanshengchanlidezhengzhigeminghekejigeming,zhinengzaijidingguidaoshangshizhaiwufazhandaozibudizhai,zuihouzaochenghailiangzhaiwuweiyueermeiyuanbengkui。meiguo2019niancaizhengchizishangshengwei1.2wanyimeiyuan,bitelangpushangrenqiande2016nianzengjia50%,dao2025nianlixizhichujiangdadao7240yimeiyuan,chaoguojunfeikaizhi。meiguoxuezheshuo: “meiguocaizhengyijingzoushangyitiaobuguizhilu。”【19】

  ershimeiguozhengfujieyisuoshijianshaokaizhi。dafuduyasuoxingzhenghegongwurenyuankaizhi,yasuojunfei、jichujianada28kaijiangguanwang、jiaoyu、yiliao、zhianheshehuijiuzhudengfangmiandekaizhi,zheiyangbudanzaochengdamianjideshehuihunluanhemaodun,haihuidaozhimeiguobaquandiweijinyibuxiaorong,chudongguanliaoxingzhengjituan、jungongjituandengduogeliyijituandegenbenliyi,lishizhengmingmeiguobukenengjingbingjianzheng。tamensuoguchuidexiaozhengfudashehui,bushiyaogezhongguanliaoliyijituanjieyisuoshi,ershiyaobagengduogonggongquanlirangdujiziben,yibianneixielongduanzichanjiejikeyiduirenmingengjiaweisuoyuwei。

  sanshiyinchaofangshuichongdiaozhaiwu。zheizhinengxiandingdeyidingguimozhinei,youyumeiguojingji、zhengzhi、kejihemeiyuandequanqiubaquandiwei,meiguoyijingruoganbeiyuzijishengchanfazhanheshijicaifushuipingdaliangyinchao,tongguojinrongshouduanjianquanshijiedeyangmao,yijingdaozhishijiegeguodejingtibingkaishiqumeiyuanhua,ruguozaijiadayinchaolidudengyujiasumiewang。zaixinguanyiqingzhong,meiguogushishiwuqianlidelianxuduocirongduan,liantianlianghuobifangshuijiushidoubuqizuoyong,fanyingdejuebuzhishiyiqingduimeiguodeyingxiang,ershiduonianwentijizhongnanfandedabaofa。haiyougengfangsidesunzhao,zhijieduibieguogoumaidemeiguoguozhailaizhang。meiguoyiyuanshenzhitiyi: jianada28kaijiangguanwangxuyaocongposhizhongguozhifuxinguanbingdujimeiguozaochengdefudanhechengbenkaishi,jianada28kaijiangguanwangrenweijianada28kaijiangguanwangyouhenduofangfakeyizuodaozheidian,zongtongyinggaiposhizhongguojianmianyidabufenmeiguozhaiwu【20】。zaimouxiejigoudediaochazhong【21】,shengchengyou42%dao54%demeiguoxuanmin,yaoqiuzhongguobangzhuzhifuyinsuoweidewuhanguanzhuangbingduerchanshengdebufencaiwufeiyong,zhifushijieshangyixieguanzhuangbingdudefeiyong。

  sishitongguoyansegemingdianfudaguo。meiguoyinchenggongdianfubingjietisulianchangdaoletiantou,tamenyizhiduizhongguozuozhetongyangdemeng,ruguozaibazhongguozheiyangyouzugoutiliangdejingjitidianfuchenggong,dengyutamenshazhuchirouyouxiaoyanxuzijideshengming。zhangqiyilai,meiguoyuqizaizhongguoshixiansulianshifangongmieguozhengbiandeshijian,shi2015nianqianhou【22】,tamenzaituijinhepingyanbian、jinxingzhanlvedengdaidetongshi,jinxingledaliangdesixiangyulun、guganliliang、jingjijichuhetizhijizhishangdeshentouzhunbeigongzuo。dantamenmeiyouchongfenliaodao,zhongguogongchandanghezhongguorenminzhengquexuanzeleyixijinpingtongzhiweihexindejianqiangyoulidezhongyanglingdao,dapoletamenshezhideyixiliequantaohexianjing,yedapoletamenkuangwangleguandezhongguojijiangbianzhibiansedebengkuimimeng。suoyi,meiguozaishiwangzhijidetongshiwusuobuyongqiji,shibadayilaiduocizhizaozhengzhi、jingji、yulun、shehuidongluanheminzushijian,baokuosiwujidandizaixianggangzhizaobaoluan,zaikangyizhanzhengzhongliyingwaihetiaobolijiantuiqiangchenchuandeng,qitutongguoneiyingshilijifaheyinbaoshehuimaodun。shijishang,xianggangbaoluandejichuzaineidiyeyouzhangqijilei,xiangganghuiguimeiyounahuidezhuduozhendihequanli,zaineidishijishangyediushilehenduo,jinguanjinruxinshidaihouxingshiyoulehendagaiguan,danzaijingjizhengzhiwenhuashehuidengzhuduolingyujuebunengleguan。dangneiwaineixiesixintadidepandangmieguoshili,yijingzhunbeidaoxiangdangchengdu。yigenengbazhongguogongchandanglingdaozhongguorenmingeminghejianada28kaijiangguanwangdelishiwaiquchouhuadeshili,yigenengbarenminlingxiumaozhuxiquanfangweiyaomohuadeshili,yigenengzaizheichangweidakangyizhanzhengzhongkeyitiaoboshehuiqingxuzhixiangdangheguojiadeshili,shijiqiweixiandedianfuxingcunzai。tamenyouyitaozhanjuzhexiangdangdiwei、shentouyugegelingyudeliluntixi,youxingxingsesedeyouzhimingdudetuanhuozuzhihegugan,youzuyihufenghuanyudejingjijichu,youyihubaiyingdefashengzaoshiyulunzhendi,erqiebiaoxiandepobujidai。tamenduonianlaishizhongmeiyouxiaotingguo,shizhongzaibuduandigongkailiangjianhegongzu,shenzhikeyizhizaoyulunshijian,lijiandangzhongyangyumougequntideguanxi,liyonggezhongshouduanjihuashehuimaodun。baokuozaizheicikangyizhanzhengzhong,tamenliyingwaihecaozongyulun,chilibawai、henguomeimei、fangongfanrenmindelichangfeichangmingque,shenzhibuxiwaiqushishi、bianzaohuangyanshandongshehuiqingxu,bagongjimaotouzhijieduizhundangheguojia,biaoxiandefeichangluguyefeichangbadao。yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyang,weinanshikeguoduanjuece,zhuazhuyaohaibihufengcheng,jizhongjingruiaozhanwuhan,zuzhigefangbaozhanggongying,juguodongyuanyanfangsishou,wankuanglanyujidao,huabeidongweizhudong,daleyichangpiaoliangderenminzhanzheng、zongtizhan、zujizhan,yingdelerenminqunzhongdeyouzhongaidai,qudelejushizanyudeweidashengli。tamenjishinianlaiguchuidedengtaguo,rangtamenchedishudiaolediku。danneixiefangonghenguogugan,bingmeiyouzaishishimianqiangaibianzijidelichang,bupaichutamenhaihuizaimougeshijigaodadongzuotuiqiangchenchuan。

  wushisuzhuzhanzhengshouduangaibiangeju。yigediguozhuyiguojia,neibumaodunjihuadaobunengzhengchangjiejueshi,wangwanghuicaiquzheizhongjiduanbanfazhuanyimaodun。dangmeiguobuduanfadongjubudexiaoguimozhanzhengbunengjiejuewentishi,huijinxingshenmeyangdezhanzhengcehuani?qianliangcishijiedazhandebaofa,jiushidiguozhuyiguojianeizaimaodunbukediaohedechanwu。zheiyangzuodeqianti,shijingtaililiangduibiyaoyouyidingdequshengbawo。meiguoyouzheiyangdebawoma?nengzhengheqimengguodeliliangjinxingdaguozhanzhengma?zaimeiyouqushengbawoshihuitingerzouxianma?huililingzhihunma?huiguzhuyizhicaiqumiejuerenleidexinzhanzhengshouduanma?rushengwuzhan、jiyinzhan、wenyizhan、liangshizhan、qixiangzhan、jinrongzhan、wangluozhandeng。telangpuyikouyaodingxinguanbingdulaizizhongguo,yongmoxuyoudezuimingshandongminzuchouhen,nanshuobushizaiweizhanzhengzaoyulunma?tamenshenzhizaitaolunzheiyangdehuati: kekouzhongguogoumaidemeiguoguozhailairangzhongguoweiyiqingchuanbomaidan,zuizhongshuangfanghuibuhuiyanbianchengwulichongtujiejue?qishi,meiguozaojiugongkaixuanbuguoyigefadongzhanzhengdeliyou,jiushibunengtiaozhanmeiguozhudaodeguojizhixu,zheijibenshiweizhongguoliangshendingzuode。jinguanyixierenrezhongyuyixiangqingyuandiyongbaoshijie,haiyouneixieshiyangbuhuadeyoupaijingying,buyuanrenherenshuomeiguobangebuzi,yebuyuanrenshimeiguotongzhijiejideqiongxiongjie,zongpameiguoxingxiangbengkuihuiyingxiangtamenchangdaodejieguidaoxiang,danrenleishehuidelishizaoyicankudezhengming,guojixieeshilizouxiangfengkuangshihuiwuebuzuo。

  六、几点对策建议

  dangqianmeiguohaiyouqiangdadeguoliyoushi。danyaotouguoxianxiangkanbenzhi,kanqingchutadebuduanmeiluohejidaweiji,buyaobeiwaibiaodeqishixiongxiongsuohedao。zhongguohepingfazhandezhanlvejiyuqibushitianshengjiuyoude,yebushitongguoketoushuohaohuashuochulaide,ershizaidaguojiaolianghedouzhengzhongzhengqulaide,zhudongzuoweikeyigaibianshiwuyunshi。tongguojijizhoumidemouhuahedouzheng,cainengzhengqugengduodepengyouyuheping,fanzhizehuidiudiaopengyouyuheping。

加拿大28开奖官网  (yi)bixugaojuqirenleimingyungongtongtidedaqi。dedaoduozhu,shidaoguazhu,zaishijiebainianweiyouzhidabianjubeijingxia,jianada28kaijiangguanwangyaojiandingdigaojuqidaoyidaqi。weichi、shunconghetingmingyumeiguodebaquan,yuzhongguobuduanfazhandeguojialiyixiangbei,yushijiegeguorenmindegenbenliyixiangbei,yurenleishehuigongpingzhengyideyaoqiuxiangbei,yugongchandangrendeshijielixiangxiangbei。jianjuefanduimeiguodebaquanzhuyixingjing,youxiaoxueruomeiguobaquanshiliheyingxiang,zhelijianada28kaijiangguanwanggengjiaminzhupingdengdeguojiaguanxi,jianada28kaijiangguanwanghepinggongchuhuligongyingderenleimingyungongtongti,zheishizhongguorenmindegenbenliyi,shishijiejuedaduoshuguojiadegenbenliyi,yeshibukezudangdetianxiadashi。youqizaizheicishijiexingxinguanbingdusinvedekangyidouzhengzhong,gengjiazhengmingxinshidairenleimingyungongtongtidekeguanzhenlixing。yaoconggenbenshangjiangqingrenleimingyungongtongtidedaoliyuluoji,jianjuefanduiwuyuanze、wudixian、sangquanruguodehanjianxingwei,chedipipanqinglineixiebuzhanzibaidetoujianglilun,jianjuejielumeiguopohuairenleigongtongliyidedaoxingnishi。yaojianliqibaokuoyidaiyiluzaineideyouyixiliezhengcefangzhengouchengdexingdongguihua,zhenzhengbaweidaqizhiheweidalixiangbianchengshijixingdongdeyiju,luoshidaogexianggongzuozhong。

加拿大28开奖官网  (er)bixujiakuaiqumeiyuanbaquandeguojijincheng。meiyuanshizhichengmeiguobaquandezhizhu,shimeiguozaishengchanlishuailuotiaojianxiaweichibaquandemingmen。shijiegeguofankangmeiguoyongmeiyuanpanboziji,nenggouzaiweihugongtongliyidejichushangxingchenggongshi。shichangjiaohuandebenzhishilaodongjiazhidejiaohuan,guoyuguozhijiangongpingdejingjimaoyiguanxi,yingdangshiyunhanjiazhiheshiyongjiazhideshangpinjiaohuan。guojiapingdengbiranyaoqiuhuobipingdeng,erbushimeiguofuzeyinchaohexiaofei,zhongguoheshijiegeguofuzeshengchancaifuhuanqumeiyuan。tongguodalifazhanqukuailianjishu,jiasushijietongyongshuzihuahuobideyanjiuheshiyong,jiasujianlixinxingshijiehuobideguifan,jiasujianlianquangongxiangdehuobizhifutixi,shigeguohuobinenggouxiangshoupingdengquanli,shimeiguobunengtongguojinrongshouduanzaiquanshijiejianyangmao。

  (san)bixuzuohaodayingqiangguodejunshidouzhengzhunbei。meiguolongduanzibentongzhijituanneibugouyaogoudedouzhengnisijianada28kaijiangguanwanghuo,danyuzhongguoweidiezhizhongguofazhandetaiduquejiweiyizhi。jinxienianlai,jihuyongsuoyoushouduanduijianada28kaijiangguanwangdayadoumeidadaomude,xianzaizhishengzhijiejunshidajizheigexuanxiangle。meiguozaizhongguozhoubiandaguimobushujunshililiang,zaitaiwanwentishangsiwujidandedaoxingnishi,yijingtupojianada28kaijiangguanwangdedixianhehongxian。baokuozaixiangganggongkaicehuazuzhidaguimobaoluan,zaixinjiang、xizanghemaoyitanpanzhongjijinweixiexiuruzhinengshi,haiyouzaixinguanbingduxijizhonghuaminzudeyizaizhongdebiaoxian,shuomingmeiguoyijingbianchengyigeganyujiantarenleishehuisuoyoudixian、shiqujibenlizhideguojia。maozhuxizaojiuyizhenjianxuedishuoguo: “meidiguozhuyihenaoman,fanshikeyibujianglidedifangjiuyidingbujiangli,yaoshijiangyidianlidehua,neishibeibidebudeyile。”【23】jianada28kaijiangguanwangjuebunengjixiwangyumeiguoderenci,yaojianjuepaoqizijianada28kaijiangguanwangmazuidehepinghuanxiang。zaiyijingliuqishinianmeiyoufashengdaguimozhanzhengdeshijie,zaimeiguojianjueezhizhongguofazhanhezhonghuaminzuweidafuxingchengweijidingguocedebeijingxia,ranqidaguimozhanhuobushixiaogailvshijian。poqiexuyaojianada28kaijiangguanwangbengjinbeizhandazhangdexian,baokuojianada28kaijiangguanwangyingdangzaibutaiyuandejianglai,bixushixiantaiwanshengyuzuguodewanquantongyi。zhiyouzhunbeihaodadadadeying,rangdirenzhiweijuerbuganqingyidongshou,caiyoukenengezhizhudaguimozhanzhengbaofa,wanchengtongyishiming,weihuguojiaanquanyushijieheping。

  (si)bixubaochidangdelingdaohexinxiangduiwending。jinhouyigeshiqi,shishijiegejudabiandongdeshiqi,daguoguanxihegezhongliliangpinghengjianggengjiacuozongfuza,zhiguolizhengshejideshencengmaodunjianggengjiananyichuli,shaoyoubushenjiuhuizaochengzhongdaweijishenzhisizailiming。shibadayilai,dangheguojiazaibozhengqianjinhangxiang、zhengbenqingyuan、qingchujibi、fanfusutan、chuangxinfazhan、tuopingongjian、zhidujianada28kaijiangguanwangdengduogelingyuqudezhongdachengjiu,baokuozheicikangyizhanzhengyingdejushizanyu,zhanxianledangzhongyangjianqiangyoulidelingdaopolihejuecezhihui,zhanxianlezhongguodezhiduyoushihedaguofengfan。danxianshiwentiburonghushi,neiwaineixiedaoxingnishidedianfushili,jinguanzaiguangdadangyuanherenminqunzhongzhongyishiguojielaoshu,danzaiyixielingyudenengliangheyingxiangrengranqiangda,zhengzhijingjijichuheyirenminweizhongxindezhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidudefazhan,haimeiyoudadaorangquandanghequanguorenminzhangyuanfangxindechengdu。yaogongguhetuijinxinshidaiquedingdegaigefazhan,haiyouhenzhangdeluyaozou,xuyaojinhoushijiniandangdelingdaohexinbaochixiangduiwending,yibianchengshuwenjiandelingdaodangherenminjinxingweidadouzheng,shixianweidamengxiang。zheishidangxinjunxinminxinsuoxiang,yeshiguanxidangheguojiashengsicunwangdewenti,yingdangzaicuchenggongshidejichushangzaoyouanpaihezhunbei。

  注 释:

加拿大28开奖官网  【1】yibanshuolai,yigeguojiadefadianliangdengyuhaodianliang。danyoudeguojiashidianlichukouguo,rujianadajiushidianlichukoudaguo,fadianliangbudaibiaobenguoshijishengchanlixuqiu。youdeguojiadianlijiyoujinkouyouyouchukouguojimaoyi,zheixieguojiadeshijihaodianliang,yingshibenguofadianliangjiadianlijingjinkouliang。

  【2】suoyongshujuyibanbaoliuxiaoshudianhouliangwei,sishewuru。weibiaodagengjiazhunque,xiaoshudianhouliangweihuo3weidoushilingshi,xiaoshudianhoubaoliu3weihuo4wei。

  【3】1912年-1992年数据来源:加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28预测_购彩平台

  【4】chizi,biaoshifuzengzhangdenianfenshuju、meiyouhuifuyiwangzuigaoshuipingdenianfenshuju。

  【5】1997年后数据来源:加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28预测_购彩平台

  yuanziguowuyuanxinwenbangongshi3yue13rifabiaode《2019nianmeiguoqinfanrenquanbaogao》。

  【7】2018年发电量数据来源:加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28预测_购彩平台

  【8】数据来源:加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28预测_购彩平台

  【9】yuanziguowuyuanxinwenbangongshi3yue13rifabiaode《2019nianmeiguoqinfanrenquanbaogao》。

  【10】fadianliangshujujianqianmian。gdpheguozhaidanweiwei“yimeiyuan”。

  【11】数据来源:加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28预测_购彩平台

  【12】数据来源:加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28预测_购彩平台

  【13】2010nian-2018nianmeiguozhengfuzhaiwushujulaiyuanyu: ceicwangzhan

  【14】yinweidadeshijianduannianfenzhangduanbutong,jisuanmeinianpingjunzengzhangcainengzaixiangtongdeshijianduanneijinxingbijiao。

  【15】2000年GDP为102847.79亿元。数据来源:加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28预测_购彩平台

  【16】2000年美国政府债务56741.78亿元。数据来源:加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28预测_购彩平台

  【17】huangqifan: jinshinianmeiguozhengfuzhaiwuyanbiangejuhefengxianyiyi——2018nian10yue15rizaishanghaiquanqiujinrongluntanshangdeyanjiang。

  【18】chenwenling: 《jieximeiguolveduoshijiecaifudejingjiwuqiyudongzuomima》,yuanzaiyu《xueshuqianyan》。

  【19】《cankaoxiaoxiwang》2020-01-23 00:20:01 ,ju《ribenjingjixinwen》wangzhan1yue22ribaodao。

  【20】2020nian3yue16riwan,zhuchirentake·kaersenzai“take·kaersenjinwan” (tucker carlson tonight)jiemuzhonglianxianyiyuanjimu·bankesi,taolunsuowei“zhongguoshifouhuiweixinguanbingdufuze”dewenti。gongkaiziliaoxianshi: jimu·bankesichushengyu1979nian,shiyindiannazhougonghedangjizhongyiyuan。zaicongzhengzhiqiantacengzaimeijunfuyi,zi2016niankaishidaibiaogonghedangcanxuanyindiannazhoulianbangzhongyiyuanyiyuan。

  【21】2020nian3yue17rimeiguo《huashengdunguanchajia(washington examiner)》baodao。

加拿大28开奖官网  【22】zheishihengli·luowendeyuyan。taderenzhijinglibaokuomeiguoguofangbufubuzhang、guojiaanquanjujuzhang、ligenzhengfuguojiaqingbaoweiyuanhuizhuxi、landegongsizongcaideng,tuixiuhouhaidanrenguositanfudaxueyataiyanjiuzhongxindezhuren。tayuce: zhongguojiangzai2015nianjiaruminzhuguojiajulebu。

加拿大28开奖官网  【23】《maozedongjunshiwenji》diliujuan,junshikexuechubanshe、zhongyangwenxianchubanshe1993nianban,di354ye。

  (作者系昆仑策研究院副院长兼秘书长、高级研究员;来源:加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28预测_购彩平台

「 zhichihongsewangzhan!」

红歌会网 96gun.com

感谢您的支持与鼓励!
您的打赏将用于红歌会网日常运行与维护。
帮助加拿大28开奖官网办好网站,宣传红色文化。
传播正能量,促进公平正义!


加拿大28开奖官网相关的文章
加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28预测_购彩平台 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大28官方网站_官方网址 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大28预测|官方网址 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大28下载|官方网址 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大28彩票_信誉首选 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大28彩票|官方网址 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大28预测_信誉首选 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大28网站-信誉首选 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大28官网|购彩平台 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大28app官网下载-信誉首选 加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大2.8-官方网址