加拿大28开奖官网

共产主义政治经济学ABC(第二部分)

2020-03-25 09:57:11  来源:加拿大28开奖官网_加拿大pc28预测_购彩平台 红歌会网  作者: 刘光晨
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  目录

  daoyan

  yi、yinyan

加拿大28开奖官网  er、gongchanzhuyigonggonglaodong

加拿大28开奖官网  san、gonggonglaodongchanpinzaifenpeizhongdehuafen

  si、gonggonglaodongzaishengchanguanlizhongdehuafen

  wu、gongchanzhuyishengchanshuodaodishigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchan

  liu、gongchanzhuyijilei

加拿大28开奖官网  qi、jueduigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchan

加拿大28开奖官网  ba、xiangduigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchan

  jiu、gongchanzhuyilaodongdezhiliang

加拿大28开奖官网  shi、ziyoushenghuoliangdebiaoxianxingshi

  shiyi、gonggonglaodongxiangrenmengongtongdelaodongwaiziyoushenghuoshijiandezhuanhua

  shier、feishengchanxinglaodong

加拿大28开奖官网  shisan、gongchanzhuyishilaodongxiaowangjinchengherenfazhandezijuezuzhizhuangtai

  shisi、guanyulaodongdexiaowangwenti

加拿大28开奖官网  shiwu、shengchanxinglaodongsibuleishengchanshenghuogemingfenxi

  shiliu、anxudingliangfenpeidezhujianshengzhangheshengcundouzhengdezhujianxiaowang

  shiqi、zaoqidejiazhishengchanhehuobijinrong

加拿大28开奖官网  shiba、zhanyoufangshisuishengchanziliaoxingzhidebianhuaherenmendegerenshenghuo

  shijiu、gongchanzhuyidewenhua

  ershi、jiandingdegongchanzhuyifangxianghegemingdequnzhongluxian

加拿大28开奖官网  eryi、wanshanqunzhongdelianhezhutihewuchanjiejizhuanzhengxiadejixugeming

  erer、gouzhuzuiguangfandegongchanzhuyigemingtongyizhanxian

  ersan、gongchanzhuyijianshihezibendexianshiweilai

  七、绝对公共必要产品的生产

加拿大28开奖官网  jueduigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchanhejueduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchanshitongyizhede。dangjianada28kaijiangguanwangshuojueduigonggongbiyaochanpinshengchanguochengdeshihou,shijishangjianada28kaijiangguanwangshuodeyeshijueduigonggongbiyaolaodongshengchandeguocheng。

  jueduigonggongbiyaolaodong(chanpin)deshengchan,shizhiwajuequnzhongzhongqianzangdejudalaodongli、yanzhanglaodongshijian、jiaqianglaodongqiangdudegonggongbiyaolaodong(chanpin)shengchan。

  jueduigonggongbiyaochanpinhuolaodongdeshengchan,zhuyaozaigongchanzhuyijianada28kaijiangguanwangdezaoqi。youyurenminqunzhongtongguogonggonglaodongzuzhiqilaiyijingkeyixiangguoqusuowufaxiangxiangdeshengchandeguangduheshendujinjun,youyurenminqunzhongduigonggongbiyaochanpindeshijixuyao,youyukuodazaishengchanduigonggongjileideshijixuyao,youyulaodongshengchanlvdehaibugoufazhan,youyuxinshengdegongchanzhuyijingjiyunxinghaibugouwanshan,weilefazhanshengchanhebaozhanggongjijiuyoubiyaojiaqiangjueduigonggongbiyaolaodong(chanpin)deshengchan。dangran,xiang20shijizhongsudenggongyegemingluohouguojiajianlidegongchanzhuyijingjiti,youyukuaisugongyehuaduigongchanzhuyigonggongjileideteshuxuyao,jiuyouqixuyaojiaqiangjueduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchan。

  yuanyulishibenshendejuxian,jianada28kaijiangguanwangzheilizhinengyiershishijiluohouguojiadegongchanzhuyishijianweili。

加拿大28开奖官网  zaigezhongshengchanziliaosirenzhanyoudeshehuili,wangwangshicunzaijudadelaodonglilangfei。ruqiansuoshu,xiaoshengchanshehuilidaliangdelaodongrenkouwangwangbeishufuzainongcunmeijiameihudeyimusanfendishang,zaochengjudadelaodonglilangfei。erxiaoshengchanzhiwai,buguanshinulidefengjiandehaishizibendelaodongguanxizhong,youyulaodongyushengchanziliaodeduili,laodongzhelaodongdejijixingyoudouwufazhenzhengchongfendiwajue,zheiyezaochengjudadelaodonglilangfei。qizhongzibenzhuyiweilebaochigongrenjiandejingzhengjiangdilaodonglichengben,haizhiduxingcunzaidamianjideshiyewenti。

加拿大28开奖官网  suizheshengchanziliaogongyouzhihegongchanzhuyigonggonglaodongguanxidejianli,laodongzheyouyuyijingshishengchanziliaodezhuren,congeryejiuchenglezhenggeshehuidezhuren。erzheibiranhuiconglaodongrenkoudekeyiyouzuzhiyoujihuadefengong、zhuanyi、diaopeihezuidahuadefahuilaodongzhelaodongjijixingzheilianggefangxiangshang,jieshusiyouzhishehuilaodonglidaliangxianzhilangfeidejumian,weigongchanzhuyijueduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchanjianada28kaijiangguanwang。

  gongchanzhuyijueduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchan,shouxianshifajuelezheibufenshijishibeilangfeiledelaodonglihechuangzaolideshengchan。zheigeguochengzaiyibufenguojiashitongguogongnonglianmengguojiayoujihuadexiangguojiagongyebumendaliangzhuanyilaodongrenkoushixiande。birusulian,1917nianqichengshirenkouzhanzongrenkoudebilihaishi18%,erdao1985nianjiuyishangshengdao65%;youruchaoxian,tazainongyeshixianhezuohuaxiandaihuadetongshi,daoshangshiji80niandaichengzhenfeinongrenkouzhanzongrenkoudebiliyeyichaoguole70%。zaizheilianggelizizhong,zheilianggeguojiawuyibushitongguonongyedejitihuajixiehua,zaigonggonglaodongzhongweiguojiagongyehuatigongledaliangkegongjihuadiaopeidelaodonglihesuoxubiyaodezijin。

  erzaizhongguo,youyuzhenzhengdexiandaijiqigongyexinalaodongrenkounenglixiangjiaoqiteshuderenkouguimoherenkouzengzhangsududeyouxian,qichengxiangrenkoudebilibianhuaquebushihenda。zaizheili,qiduixianzhilaodonglidewajue,chuleshangshuguojiagongyehuadexinawai,hendabufenhaibaokuolenongcunrenkoudegongyehuaheshehuihuafengongfenliuduixianzhilaodonglidefajue。

  zhongguonongcundegongyehuashibansuizhenongcunhuzhuhezuoyundongyiqichanshengde。(youyiyujiatingshougongyede)nongcundiqudegongshangye,qishizaizaoqideshanxinongyehezuozushiqi(chanshengyujiefangqu)jiuyijingchanshengle,zaixinzhongguodehuzhuhezuohuayundongzhong,dedaochubudefazhan。58nianzhonggongbajieliuzhongquanhui《guanyurenmingongsheruoganwentidejueyi》,buguoshichongfenkendinglenongcunjitigongyehuadaoluzaisuoxiaochengxiang、gongnongchabiefangmiandeshenyuanweidadeyiyi,bingjinyibuzhidingle“: jingguorenmingongshezheizhongshehuizuzhixingshi,genjudangsuotichudeshehuizhuyijianada28kaijiangguanwangdezongluxian,gaosududifazhanshehuishengchanli,cujinguojiagongyehua、gongshegongyehua、nongyejixiehuadianqihua …”delishirenwu,haozhao“renmingongshebixudabangongye”。

  guanyunongcunjitiweishenmeshihefazhangongye,zhengxiangjianada28kaijiangguanwangzaigongchanzhuyigonggongjileizhongshuodeqingkuang,yigecunzhuang100hurenjiazhong500mudi。hezuohuaqiandexiaoshengchanshiqi,zhei100hurenjiazhong500mudi,henduorenjialaodonglijingranbugouyong。erdanghezuohuajitihuayihou,zaigonggonglaodongzhongjishishizaoqidoukeyijieyuchu1/3delaodongli(cankan《zhongguonongcundeshehuizhuyigaochao》,maozedongyouxuyanheanyu)。shijianzhong,zheibufenlaodonglijiukeyicongtianlidiaochulaikaibanjianzhudui、mugongdui,yunshudui,weishengshi,zaotanglifa,banyoueryuanbanxiaoxue。zhongguohoulaidesuowei“xiangzhenqiye”,shijijiushicongnongcunrenmingongshedesheduiqiyelaide。

  ruci,tongyang500mudisuochanshengliangshiyanghuodetongyangrenkou,yuanxianzhishidanyidenongye,erhoulaijiukeyinong、gong、shang、yunshu、jiaoyu、weisheng、jianada28kaijiangguanwangyiyingjuquan,laodongdepinzhongshulianghezhiliangyijingtianrangzhibiebuketongrieryule。zaijiashang,diqu、xian、she、dui,gejijingjiti,congnongjihuafeidaozhuoyibandengyindizhiyidegongyebujuhefengong,kaodifanggongyouzhijingjizhutineibugonggonglaodongdezizhudiaopei,wajuexianzhilaodongli,ziligengshengfazhanjueduigonggonglaodongdeshengchan,jiuchenglezhongguojueduigonggongbiyaolaodongshengchandeyidatese。

  zheiyang,cong50niandaimengyadao1970niandaimo,zhongguonongcundegongyehuayiqudelefeirandechengji。1978niandi“quanguosheduiqiyegongyou152.4wange。qizhongshebanqiye32wange,pingjunmeigegongshe6ge;daduibanqiye120wange, pingjunmeigedadui2ge。quanguoyiyou98%degongshe、82%dedaduibanleqiye。quanguosheduiqiyezongchanzhi...550yiyishang。zhanrenmingongshesanjijingjizongshourude29.7%,sheduiqiyegongyechanzhiyuezhandangnianquanguogongyezongchanzhidebaifenzhishiyidianqi。youdediqubizhonggenggaoyixie。rujiangsu1978niansheduiqiyesheduigongyezongchanzhiyidadao63yiyuan,zhanlequanshenggongyezongchanzhidejin20%。zhejiangyeshisheduiqiyefazhanbijiaohaodeshengfen。dao1978niandi,quanshengsheduigongyezongchanzhidadao21.7yiyuan,fazhansuduyuanyuanchaoguolezhenggegongyejingjidefazhansudu,chengweiquanshengnongcunjingjidezhutililiangheguominjingjideyidazhizhu。”(《zhaohuizhongguonongcunweidaguangmingcanlandexiwang——maozedongsheduiqiyegouxiangheshijianyantan》xiangdongfangpantianmingwenzhang)

  lishijinru80niandai,danganfengguabianquanguo。youyunongyedanganwufajixuzhichinongcundiqudegongyehua,zheishijizaochenglenongcungongyehuadaoludeshijitingzhi。danjishiruci,yijingchanshengbingcunhuoxialaideyuanyousheduiqiye,yiranzai80niandaizhongqiyihoufazhanzhuangdachengweixiangzhenqiye,yinlingledangshizhongguojingjizengzhangdechaoliu,bingxingchengleyuweizhuangguandejumian。jianada28kaijiangguanwangnianshushizaishandongmouping(xianzaideyantaishimoupingqu)xiguancun。zheigecunzi90niandaichujiuyoujianzhugongsi、anzhuanggongsi、jixiechang、fuzhuangchang、muqichang、shangchang、xiyiban,youeryuan、zhongxiaoxue、jixiao、yiyuandengersanshijiacunbanqishiyedanwei,nianchanzhijinshiyi。zheixieqiyedoushicongdangchuzuizaojiandandejianzhudui、mugongdui、jianada28kaijiangguanwangdui,fazhanlaide。erzheigecunhaizhishigedaibiao。dangshi,moupingxianninghaizhenyinweijitiqiyebandehao,zai90nianbeipingxuanweiquanguoshijiaxiangzhenzhishou(dao94nianyiyuancunjiuda13ge)。erquanguo,tianjindedaqiuzhuang、jiangsunanbudiqude“sunanmoshi“、zhangjiagang,gengshiwenmingxiaer。dangshishebanqiyekeyishuodaochudouyou。jianada28kaijiangguanwangairenlaojiashandonghaiyangyougefangyuanjituan,qianshenjiushishebanqiye,xianzaiyijingshiquanguojianzhujixielingyudeguganqiye。jianada28kaijiangguanwanglaojiashandongdezhouneigedifanggouchale,meitingshuoyouguoxiangyangjitigongyeqiye,dansheshebangezhuanwachang,cuncunbuyongguojiatouzidankaojitigonggonglaodongbangexiaoxuehaishikeyide。jishihoulaijingguodamianjisiyouhuadexili,quanguodadaxiaoxiaodexiangzhensheduiqiyeduoyisiyouhuale,jintianjianada28kaijiangguanwangyeyiranhaikeyicongjiangsudehuaxicun、henandenanjiecun、liuzhuang、hebeidezhoujiazhuang、shandongdenanshanjituan、shanxidehouzhaicun、yuanjiacun,kandaosheduijitijingjixiangduigetinongyediqudehuihuangshenying。keyishuo,meiyougongshehuashiqinongcundejitijingji,jiubuhuiyouhoulainongcundiqudegongyehua。

  jiaqiangjueduigonggonglaodongdeshengchan,zaizhongguohaibaokuonongcunjitijingjizhong,chongfendeliyonghaojiyinongminnongxianshidelaodongqijian。zheishibijudadelaodongliziyuan。

加拿大28开奖官网  jianada28kaijiangguanwangshinongcunzhangdade,congjianada28kaijiangguanwangjishiqi,meidaodongchunliangxian,gejiagehudeqingzhuanglaolidouyaotingcongxianshetongyidiaoqianzuzhigaonongtianshuilijianada28kaijiangguanwang,suowei“wagou”“wahe”。erzheijibenyeshibuyongguojiahuashenmeqiande,yeshizaijitijingjitiliuzhongguandunfanchijiuxing,huozhezhiduoshijijigegongfentongguoweidiaojitifenpeizuoxiewuzhigulijiukeyide。zongzhi,chongfenliyonghaonongmindelaodongqijian,zheiyeshizaoqijiaqianggonggongbiyaolaodongshengchanjiaqiangnongcungongnongyeheshehuishiyejileideyizhongzhongyaoxingshi。biewangle,zaizhongguozheishijiyirendeliliang。zhengshiliyongzheijiyirendelaodongqijian,jianada28kaijiangguanwangguocongjianguodao80nianzuoyoucaixingjianledaxiaoshuiku85635zuo,xiuzhengdeheliu、“dazhaitian”、shuilisheshibujiqishu。buyonghuaguojiaduoshaoqian,diandinglerihouzhongguonongyefazhandewuzhijichu。jianada28kaijiangguanwangdechushengdijinru80niandai,nongyejiushixianleziliuguangai,congneiyihoujibenshixianlehanlaobaoshouhegaochanwenchan。

加拿大28开奖官网  erzheiyangdaguimodeshiyonglaodongli,ruguobushigongyouzhixiadegongchanzhuyigonggonglaodong,yaoshikaohuaqianmailaodonglilaibandehua,haobukuazhangdeshuoshishenmeyangdezhengfudoubanbuqide。shijishang,jintianderenmenyiranhaizaixiangyongzheshehuizhuyishiqigonggonglaodongjileidelishichengguo。

  liyonglaodongqijiandexingshi,zainongcunhaibaokuo: gulijiatingyangzhi、jifei,hefazhanshougongfuye,dengduozhongxingshi。

加拿大28开奖官网  zhu: 1990niandaizhongqiyilai,suizhegongchanzhuyishiqiyijingjileiqilaideguimopangdadegongchanzhuyigonggongjileidebeiboduo,zhongguoxinxingzibenjiujiandandewanchengletamendeyuanshijilei。zaijiashangnongcunshengchanlvtigaoheduochushengrenkousuozaochengdenongyeshengyulaodongli。youcikaishi,tongguoyiciboduowanchengyuanshijileidezhongguoxinxingziben,jiuyouledaguimoliyongnongmindelaodongqijianhenongcunshengyulaodongli,jixuzibenjileidetiaojian。zhongguoxinxingziben(baohanguoyouziben,jianada28kaijiangguanwangzanqiebuguanqiweilaidefazhanfangxiangruhe)zuoweishijiezibenjiedeyikechaojixinxing,tadechaojizibenjileifangshi,chulehuagongweisidejingtunlveduo,qijichujiushizhongguocanyudegongchanzhuyitizhi、nongmindelaodongqijianhenongcundeshengyulaodonglijitatigongleyigelaodonglijiazhijiagejijinyulingdepangdalianjialaodongliqunti。zhengshizheigelaodonglijiazhijiagejijinyulingdelaodongliqunti,zhichilezhongguochaodigongzidezibenjileimoshihezhongguogongyepinduishijieshichangdeqiangzhantaishi。zheishisuowei“zhongguomoshi”deyigehenzhongyaodefangmian。zaizheigezhongguomoshizhong,youyuqilaodonglidejichushengchanfeiyongzuizhongdoushinongyenongcundegongchanzhuyicanyuheqitalingyudegongchanzhuyicanyuchengdande,suoyizibencongerdaibiaotadezhengfujibenbuyongkaolvlaodongzhedejiaoyu、shangbing、yanglao、shenzhizhufang。gongchanzhuyicanyudecunzaiheduilaodonglijiazhijiage、tudijiagedejixufahuizuoyong(zhongguodetudijiageduiguojialaishuoduoshuyeshijijinyulingde,tashiguoyoutudihuojinsideguoyoutudi。kecankanhexindeguandian),tongshiyeshizhongguobenshengexiangjianada28kaijiangguanwangkeyidichengbenzhankaidegenzhisuozai。zheishisuowei“zhongguomoshi”delingyigefangmian。

加拿大28开奖官网  zhongguoxinxingzichanjiejizaijijiangwanchengtamenfupidayedeshihou,modaohuohuozhunbeisuishiguafensuoyuzuihouyidiangongchanzhuyicanrou。dantamenbuzhidao,danggongchanzhuyicanyuyingxiangxiadelaodonglihetudilianjiayoushibufucunzaideshihou,zhongguoxinxingzibenzijideemengyejiukaishile。neishizhongguolaodonglideduoshushengchanchengbenzuizhongjiuyaozhengfushijizuizhonghaishizibenlaichengdan,tudiyishusiren,laodonglidejiazhijiage、tudidejiagejiuhuijijushangsheng,zhongguogexiangjianada28kaijiangguanwangdedichengbenshidai、zhongguoshangpinlianjiaqiangzhanshijieshichangdeshidaiyejijieshu。suoyi,guanyu“yiluyidai”,xianzaiyouhenduorenhuanxiangqitaguojiadetouzijianada28kaijiangguanwangyehuixiangzhongguozheiyangjiandanrongyi,doushitaiguotianzhenle。zhongguoshigongyoutudi,zhiyaoguojiayouguihua,jiukeyiyong。waiguoshisirentudi,shiyousiyouquande,shouxiannigaorendetudiburongyi,jishikeyigaodao,neichengbenyebushiguoneideqingkuangkebide。suoyi,xianzaizhongguorenyongyuandoubuyaowangjishehuizhuyishiqidehaochu。meiyoushehuizhuyishiqi,zhongguopingshenmekeyizaishehuizhuyifenchaihoukeyijiajiayoufangzizhu(shijieziyouzhufanglvzuigaode)、nongcunjiajiayoudizhong?suoweigaikaidailaidexingfushenghuo,ruguopaichudiaoshehuizhuyifenchailiuxiadehaochu,haihuishengxiashenme?ruguomeiyoushehuizhuyifenchai,guangpingshichangjingji,kongpaduoshulaodongzheliangbeizimaibuqitaofang,chengshijiudaochuhuishidisanshijieguojiadepinminku、nongcunyedaochuhaishidizhuhepingunong。bingqie,shehuizhuyifenchaidezheidianhaochu,yeshizanshide。shehuizhuyifenchaijizhongguozaochengledaliangdexiaozichanjieji,danxiaozichanjiejidelishimingyun,jiushibuduandebeiboduo。jintianzhongxinzhangwoquanlidexinxingzichanjieji,yijingbamuguangzhuanxiangnongminneidiantudile。beiboduo,shixiaozichanjiejitaobibuledelishisuming。

  tongguofajuexianzhilaodongli,zengjiajueduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchan,haibiaoxianzaijunduidecanjiashengchan(junrenfangxiaqiangjiushilaodongzhe)——shengchanjianada28kaijiangguanwangbingtuan、junduidekaishanzhulu,jigongrenxueshengjiguangongzuorenyuandeyiwulaodong,zheixiedoushiwajueshehuiqianzaidelaodongli,zengjiajueduigonggonglaodongshengchandexingshi 。

  zuihou,yanzhanglaodongshijianhejiaqianglaodongqiangdu,yiranshigongchanzhuyijueduigonggonglaodongjichanpinshengchandechangguixingshi。

  makesijiang,zibenzhuyijueduishengyujiazhideshengchan,shiyanzhanglaodongshijianjiaqianglaodongqiangdudeshengchan。shijishangbuguangshizibenzhuyishehui,baokuoshinulishehui、fengjianshehui、gongchanzhuyiqianqi,qishengyulaodong(gongchanzhuyishiqijiaogonggongbiyaolaodong)deshengchan,doubirandecunzaiyanzhanglaodongshijianhejiaqianglaodongqiangdudewenti。zhishijiejishehuishengyulaodongdeshengchan,douyouyigegongtongdetedian,jiushilaodongzhedeyanzhanglaodongshijianhejiaqianglaodongqiangdu,wuyibushizaijiejiyapoxiajinxingde,suoyi,jiubucunzaitantaotadezhutijijixingwenti,yinweitazongtidoushibeidongxiaojide。

加拿大28开奖官网  ergongchanzhuyibutong。gongchanzhuyishidai,laodongzheyijingchenglezijishehuidezhuren。gongchanzhuyigonggonglaodongdeshengchan,shiyizhonglianhelaodongzhejijizhudongdezijuedeshengchan。bingqie,duimeiyigegerenlaijiang,tazaishehuizhongjiazhigandeshixian,yebiranshizaiduigonggonglaodongdegongxiandangzhong。suoyi,jianada28kaijiangguanwangyezhiyouzaigongchanzhuyidegonggonglaodongzhong,caikeyitihuidaoshenmejiao“liuyishenzhoujinshunyao”dezhenzhenghanyi。gonggonglaodongzhongrenmenzongtidoushiwusidejijifengxiande,erfeishizisidezhuanmouzijisilide。zhongguochuantongwenhuajiaohuarenmenrenrenzuoshengxian,shijilishishangmeiyoujigezuodao,danzaigongchanzhuyigonggonglaodongzhong,renrenzuoshengxianjinsidezuodaole。feici,jianada28kaijiangguanwangjiuwufalijiegongchanzhuyilaodongzhongrenmenyiqifengfadejingshenfengmaoheguangfancunzaidegongchanzhuyilaodongjingsai。

加拿大28开奖官网  erjueduigonggonglaodongshengchanzhong,renmenlaodongshijiandezijueyanzhanghelaodongqiangdudezijuejiaqiang,wangwangzhengshizaigongchanzhuyidelaodongjingsaizhongwanchengde。

  benrendeyuefucengjingzaishengchanduiwuguonong,yezaigongchangshangguoban,tajiujingchangtidaodangniangongzuoshiqingzhuanglaoliqizaotanheihubufushuzijuedelaodongjingsaichangjing。jianada28kaijiangguanwangdefuqinqushidezao,jianada28kaijiangguanwangdemuqinzebaoyuanjianada28kaijiangguanwangfuqinshizaijitilaodongzhongsunhaileshenti。jianada28kaijiangguanwangyigepengyoudefuqin,zaijixiechangshangban,zhijinhaizihaozijizuoweirudangjijifenziweirudangerjijigongzuo。youyigeayishihenanren,tajianghenangongshehuashiqinongtianshuilijianada28kaijiangguanwangdeguodulaodongwenti(zhuxipipingguozheizhongguodulaodongdezuzhizhebidizhuzibenjiahaiburu,kuaiganshangzhoubapile。datizheiyisi)。danjishishiguodulaodong,yeyirankeyicongtadeyanyuzhongganshoudaodangshixinhuodezhurenwengdiweiderenmindazhongweijianada28kaijiangguanwangxinshehuizhantiandoudidechongtianganjingheyiqifengfadezhanxinjingshenfengmao。zheizhongjingshenfengmaojianada28kaijiangguanwangyoushizainongcundejitilaodongchangjingzhongshishizaizaiditishouguo,danrujinqueyijingjiuweile。

  gonggonglaodongzhongzheizhongchongtianganjing,zaijiashanggonggonglaodongzhongrenmenmeiyoulezhuanliquan、zhishichanquanzheixiesiyouguannian,duixinshehuiwanquanshijinxinjiezhi,zaijiashangzunzhongqunzhongshouchuangjisiguangyidequnzhongluxian,suoyijishishizaikexuejishufangmiandejinbuyedoushibaofashiyuejinshide,shizaizibenzhuyitiaojianxiagenbenbukexiangxiangde。biruqiansulianzuoweihouqiguojiazaishijiekejilingyudechengjiu,youbiruxinzhongguozaijiqiluohoudetiaojianxiakejigelingyuzuochudelingshijienanyizhixindeyuejinshijinbu(liangdanyixing、dafeiji、zajiaozhongzi、qinghaosu)。zheixieyezhiyouzaishixianlequanmianxiezuodegongchanzhuyiqunzhonggonggonglaodonghekexueshijianzhongcaikeyizuodao,zaigerenhejituanliyizhishang、yirenweihe、zhishichanquan、sirenlaodongdengsiyouquanzhishangdeshehui,shigenbenbukenengzuodaode。zheiyejiushishuo,gonggonglaodongbudankeyishixianbuyongqianjiukeyizuzhidiaodonglaodong,haikeyishixianbuyongqianjiukeyidedaobiyaodegongyijishu。zheidoushibaokuozibenzhuyizaineidesirenlaodongzhidusuowufaxiangxiangde。zheiduigongyegeminghoujinguojiadegongyehuatebiezhongyao。

  jueduigonggongbiyaolaodong(chanpin)deshengchan,zaitedingtiaojiandezaoqigongchanzhuyijianada28kaijiangguanwangzhong,shibiranhuicunzaide。youqi20shijicunzaidexiangsulianzhongguodengyuanzibenzhuyibianyuandidaiguojiadegongchanzhuyijianada28kaijiangguanwang,youyuhaimeiyoujingligongyegemingheqimadezibenjilei,jiubiranyaojinglijueduigonggongbiyaolaodonghuochanpindeshengchan,yijiaqianggongchanzhuyigonggongjileidezengzhanghejiasugongyehua。zaizhongguo,zheigeguochengzaoqizejizhongbiaoxianzaiduokuaihaoshengdeshehuizhuyijianada28kaijiangguanwangzongluxian、renmingongshehua、hedayuejin,ji“sanmianhongqi”。

  zheiyangdaomaozedongtongzhiqushideshihou,tongguofajuegongchanzhuyigonggonglaodongdeyoushi,tongguojiaqiangjueduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchan,xinzhongguojiujibenwanchenglegangtie15nianganchaoyingguo,hedao80nianzuoyoujianchengzhongguorenminzijiduliwanzhengdegongyeheguominjingjitixijibenwanchenggongyehuadeyuejinmubiao。zheishicongmingmokaishiluohouxifangyilaizhongguorenminzuiweidadelishichengjiu。zhengshizheigeduliwanzhengdegongyetixi,weijintianzhonghuarenmingongheguozaishijieshangwurenbijiandeqiquangongyezhizaonenglihezaishijiediguozhuyitixizhongdeguojiaanquan,daxialejianshiwengudejichu——ganyingchaomeishijiyijingwancheng。

加拿大28开奖官网  xianzai,youhenduorenbaokuoyixiesuoweidemakesizhuyizhe,douzaidihuishenzhimanmasidalinhemaozedongmen。erjianada28kaijiangguanwangzeyaochengsongtamendefenggongweiji。zhengshitamenchuangzaoxingdijiejuelerenleiruhexianggongchanzhuyiguodu,heruhechubujianada28kaijiangguanwanggongchanzhuyidewenti,kaichuanglerenleizijuezuzhizishenfazhandexindelishijiyuan。

  xiaojie:

  jianada28kaijiangguanwangshangmianzhuyaoshuodeshizaiyiyoudegongyegemingluohouguojiajianada28kaijiangguanwanggongchanzhuyidelizi。zaigongyegemingluohouguojiadegongchanzhuyishijianzhongjueduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchantianrandejiuyoutadedianxingyiyi。zaigongyegemingyijingfazhandeguojiajianada28kaijiangguanwanggongchanzhuyi,shijiyeshiyiyang。tayezonghuixuyaoyidingguimoheshuliangdejueduigonggongbiyaolaodongcaikeyimanzugegeshiqizhenggeshehuishengchanshenghuodexuyao。qixingshi、guilv,shijimeishenmeliangyang。

  fu: dayuejinherenmingongshewentishiyufei

  tandaogongchanzhuyijueduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchanwenti,jiubudebutandaodayuejinherenmingongshedewenti。

  jintian,yitanqidayuejin,renmenwangwangtiaojianfanshesidelijilianxiangdaotadecuowu。shenzhishibatahemouzhongzuiguolianxiqilai,shuoshitazhijiedidaozhilesanniankunnanheesiren。danzaijinglileduibangeduoshijidegeminghefangemingyundongdezhongxinrenshizhihou,tongshiyeshisuizheyixiexindelishiziliaodepilu,renmenxianzaihuitouzaikan,yuanyoudeyixielishiyinxiangkongpajiuyouxieshishile。yinweitedinglishishiqidehenduoshuofa,benshenkenengjiubushijiyulishishishi,ershijiazazhewushurencaicehemouxiegerensihuoyaozhuodechuanyan。

  genjuhoulaiwangshangpilude《zhonggongzhongyangpizhuannongyebudangzu<guanyu1959niannongyeshengchandejidianyijian>》,hechenbodawanniankoushuhuiyitidaodangdebajieliuzhongquanhui《guanyu59nianguominjingjidejihuajueyi》zuozheng,zaochengsanniankunnandezhijierenweiyuanyin,qimashi1959nianquanguoliangshishengchanjihuaxiangduiyu58niande18yimushaozhongde2—3yiduomu(koushuhuiyishuobi58nianshaozhongle20%。houlaiyoubujiu,qimashixialiangshaozhongle20%)——zheishijicaishi59nianbi58nianliangshijianchan16%dezhijierenweiyuanyin,zaijiashangyanzhongdefukuafenghegaozhenggouhaiyoubeifangliangshizhuchanqudeyanzhongziranzaihai,zheicaizaochenglenongyeshengchanlianxusanniandeexingxunhuanheyanzhongliangshiweiji。

  ruguozhijiederenweiyuanyinshizheigeshaozhongduogou,neimebuguanzheigeshaozhongduogouzhijiediyinggaiguaishei,shiliudengtanzhenlinhaishizhuxi,zhiyaozheigeyuanyinshishaozhongduogou,neimetajiuyudayuejinbenshenbingwuzhijiedebiranlianxi。yejiushishuo,dayuejin(baokuoliantie)benshenbingbubiranjiuhuidaozhishaozhongduogouheliangshikunnanwenti。xiangfan,lishidekan,daoshishaozhongduogouheliangshikunnan,tuoleiledayuejin。

  dangran,dayuejinyehaishiyoutadelishiqishide。zheijiushi58nianqiutuxiandelaodonglijihuadiaopeiwenti。gongchanzhuyigonggonglaodongsuiranzaizibenzhiwaishixianlelaodonglidekeyiyouzuzhidedaguimodiaopei,danlaodongliqueyoushibukeyisuiyidiaopeide,yinweilaodonglirenhedeguodudiaopei,ruguotayanzhongpohuaileshehuishengchangebumendepingheng,youqipohuaileshenghuoziliaobulei(hexinshinongye)deshengchangongjinengli,jishishigongchanzhuyi,tazhaoyanghuizaochengyanzhongdejingjiweiji。suoyi,zheilijiuyehaiyougeduigonggonglaodongjihuaguanligongzuodejingyanherenshiwenti。

  fanguolaijiang,gonggonglaodongchuqiyidingchengdudehunluanshibirande,yidianhunluandoumeiyoudaoshibubirande。er58nianqiu,maosidejubudiqujiuzhengshichuxianlelaodonglicongshenghuoziliaobulei(diyibulei)xiangshengchanziliaobulei(dierbulei)chengdubudengdediaoduguoduwenti,yizhiyingxiangdaojubudiquqiujishouhuo。

  zheilizhisuoyishuoshimaosi,youlianggeyuanyin: yi、genbendejiang,qishibingfeizhenzhengyangeyiyidelaodonglidiaoduguodu,erzhiduozhinengshuoshigechuqidegonggonglaodongguanlijingyanwenti。yuanyinshijizailaodongqijianwentishangyijingtandaole。nongyeshengchandetedian,benlaijiushipingshixianshouzhongmang,youhenduodelaodongqijian。pingshinongyefuyulaodongliqueshishihenduode,diaozougaodiangongfuye(liantie)juemeiyouwenti——jishishizaihoulaideshijianzhong,nongxianshijieyehaishiyaobafuxiandelaodonglizuzhiqilaidagaonongtianshuilijianada28kaijiangguanwang,danyezaimeichuxian58niandewenti。suoyi,guanjianbushizailaodongqijianlaodonglikeyibukeyidiaozouliantiegaogongyedewenti,ershishouzhongshirenshouyaobuyaojishidiaohuilainongmangqiangshouqiangzhongdewenti。58niandewentijiushihenduodifangmeiyouzugouzhongshidaozheigewenti,qiushoushimeiyoujishibalaodonglidiaohuinongyeqiangshou。suoyi,genbendejiang,zheishijigenbenjiubushiyigelaodonglidiaoduguodudewenti——yongshouzhongnongmangshidelaodongliduanque,foudinglaodongqijiandiaozoulaodongligaogongfuyedehelixing,shizhanbuzhujiaode。jishijintian,nongcunlaodonglizainongxianshiqiyeyiranhaiyaochuqudagegong。suoyi,zheigedifangsuobiaoxiandewenti,qishichuncuijiushigegonggonglaodongchuqideguanlijingyanwenti,shigaidiaohuilaiqiangshoudemeihuilaiqiangshou。zheigejiaoxunqishihoulaishijishixiqulede。renmingongsheshiqi,gejiguanxuexiaoqishiyedanweiyidaonongmangshijiejiudaguimojijizuzhizhinong,jiushizuihaodezhengming。

加拿大28开奖官网  zheilishuo58nianchuxianmaosinongyelaodonglidiaochuguoduwentidediergeyuanyin,shi58nianqiuzheigejubudefengchanbufengshou,hendachengduyeshishoulenongminzijiduixinshengshehuizhuyizhengquandetianzhenqingxuyingxiang,“shoubushoubuyaojin、shouhaoshouhuaibuyaojin,yougongjiani!”,diguasuibianyimai,mianhuayemeirenguan,shijihenduodongxishirenweizaotale。shuobaile,heqianbiandewentiheshitangchangkaidupichifanyiyang,shijizhuyaohaishigegonggonglaodongchuqideshengchanshenghuoguanlijingyanwenti。

  suoyi,jijidezongjiezheixiejingyanjiaoxunshibiyaode。danbazheigedongxiwuxiandekuodahua,shenzhiyongzuowumiefoudingdayuejinherenmingongshedeliyou,jiushijiduanhuangmiuhebieyouyongxindele。

  dayuejinshishenme?shuobaile,zuichudebiaoxian,jiushishehuizhuyigaizaowanchengyihou,zaigonggonglaodongzhong,jinkenengdewajuezhongguorenminzhongqianzangdejudafuyulaodonglihechuangzaoli,fazhangongnongyefengong,shidangdejiaqianglaodongqiangduyanzhanggongzuoshijian,fazhanjueduidehexiangduideshehuigonggongbiyaochanpinshengchan,xiangshehuishengchanjinkenengdeshenduheguangdujinjun。zheiyang,dangranxuyaoyuejindejiubuzhishengchanyigefangmian,shijibaohanlekexuejishu、wenhua、jiaoyu、weishengdengshehuijianada28kaijiangguanwangdefangfangmianmian。shenyibushuo,dayuejinqishihaishixinzhongguoxiqusulianyanzhongyilaiguojiagongyeqingzhonggongyeyanzhongshihengdegongyehuajiaoxun,congzhongguozijirenkouzhongduonongyefuyulaodonglitebiefengfudeguoqingchufa,yikaodifangshenzhisheduizijidegonggonglaodongfengong、fazhandifangshenzhinongcungongyehua,tongguojiazhonggongyetongshibingjudegongyehuafazhanluxian。tashiwanquandegenzhiyurenminqunzhongqianzangdejudadelaodonglihechuangzaolide。maozedongzai《zhongguonongcundeshehuizhuyigaochao》piyuzhongshuo: “...shehuizhuyibujincongjiushehuijiefanglelaodongzheheshengchanziliao,yejiefanglejiushehuisuowufaliyongdeguangdadeziranjie。renminqunzhongyouwuxiandechuangzaoli。tamenkeyizuzhiqilai,xiangyiqiekeyifahuizijililiangdedifanghebumenjinjun,xiangshengchandeshenduheguangdujinjun,tizijichuangzaoriyizengduodefulishiye...”(《zhongguonongcundeshehuizhuyigaochao》piyu)。

  zongpingdayuejin(shijibunengjincongsannianlijiedayuejin),shijizhongguodangshizaigongye、kexuejishuheguofangjianada28kaijiangguanwangfangmiandeyuejindoushifeichangchenggongde。gongyefangmian,neishihourenjiayoudejianada28kaijiangguanwangdouyoule,qichehuochefeiji、dianzijisuanji、guangbodianshi、jichengdianlu——yejiushixinpian,douyou,youdeshenzhiyidianbuluohou。kexuejishufangmianyeshiqitoubingjin,liangdanyixing、jiguangjishu、qinghaosu、zhongzizajiao。zongpingmaozedongshidai,dangshizhenggexinzhongguoqueshishigedayuejin。suoyi,dayuejinbunengjincongsanniankan。jishijincongsanniankan,guofanghekexuejishufangmiandeyuejindoushimingfuqishide,doushixinjiuzhongguokongqianjuehoujuewujinyouzuichenggongde。sannianqijian,gongnongyefangmiandecuozhe,yebunengrangyuejinbenshenbeiheiguo。

  zhiyuyourenjiesanniankunnanfoudingrenmingongshehua,zheizhonglianxiqishiyeshiqianqiangfuhede,shijigenbenmeiyoudaoli。

加拿大28开奖官网  qianmianshuole,sanniankunnanderenweiyuanyin,zhijiedeshi59niandenongyeshengchanjihuashaozhongdeshijidao20gebaifendianhejiexialaidegaozhenggou。zheiyurenmingongshehuameiyoujueduideguanxi。bingqie,jishifukuafengqiongguoduneiyangdecuowu,herenmingongshehuayemeiyoujueduideguanxi。shijishang,chulechuqijiaoweiyanzhongdezuoqingcuowu(shijiyuzhuximeiduodaguanxi),zai《nongyeliushitiao》shixingyihou,shijishangbuguanshicongzongchanhaishicongdanchan,renmingongshehuashiqidoushixinzhongguolishishangliangshizengzhanglv(buguanshizongchanhaishidanchan)zuigaodeshiqi,duibishuju,danganyihoufanershixinzhongguonongyelishishangzengzhangzuidizuifalideshiqile。bingqieruqiansuoshu,ruguomeiyoujitinongyeherenmingongshe,nongcundiqudegongnongyeheshehuishiyejilei,jiushigenbenbukenengde,yebuhuiyounongcundiqudegongyehuahexiandaihuafazhan。

加拿大28开奖官网  renmingongshehoulaibeiwuminghua,shizaishilingyouyuanyinde。xianzaijishiyixiesuoweishehuizhuyizheyedashouyingxiang,yijingbarenmingongshekanzuoshijizuo。zaitamenkanlainongcundeshehuizhuyigemingzhiyugaojishe(shengchandui)jiukeyile,renmingongshezuole。shiji,tamenbingbumingbairenmingongshehua,shidangshinongcundeshehuizhuyigeminghejianada28kaijiangguanwangshijianyijingchaochuyicunyishefanwei,xianggengdadeshehuifanwei(yikaishizhishishuilijianada28kaijiangguanwang,houlaifazhanchenggexianggonggongshiye),chaochulenongyeshengchanfanwei,xiangyigongyinong、gongnongbingjudeshengchanfangxiangfazhandebiranjieguo。zheishihou,budanshinongyeshengchanhezuoshezheigeguanmingyijingbunengfanyingshehuizhuyinongcunyigongyinonggongnongbingjudeshengchanshijihefangxiang,xindeshijianyeyijingxuyaochaochuyuanyoushengchanhezuoshehecunzhuangfanwei,zaigengdadequyufanweineitongyiguihuahelingdaoquyuneigongnongyehekejiaowenweidenggexiangshehuishiyedefazhanbuju。shijishangzheicaishirenmingongsheyingyunershengdegenbenyuanyin(cankao《chenbodazuihoukoushuhuiyi》)。

加拿大28开奖官网  yejiushishuo,renmingongshebudanshinongcunshehuizhuyigeminghejianada28kaijiangguanwangdebirandejieguo,tahaishidaibiaozhexinzhongguonongcungongnongbingjudejingjiheshehui(baokuoxianzaisuoweichengzhenhua)fazhanfangxiangde。zheigefangxiangzhengquebuzhengque,kanyikanqianmiansuoshudejintianyiranbaoliuzhejitijingjinongcunheyixiaogangcunweidaibiaodedangannongcundegongnongyeheshehuifazhanzhuangkuangdequbiejiuzhidaole。foudinglerenmingongshe,shijiyejiufoudinglenongcunyigonggonglaodongweijichudegongnongbingjudeshehuizhuyijingjiheshehuifazhanfangxiang。yinweifoudinglerenmingongshe,yejiufoudinglenongcundiququyuxingdegongchanzhuyigonggongbiyaolaodongjigonggongjileilaiyuan,meiyoulekediaopeidegonggongbiyaolaodongjigonggongjileilaiyuan,nongcundiquyiqiedegongnongye(nongtianshuilishinongyejilei)jilei、kejiaowenweidengshehuishiye,jiudouchenglewushuiguangaidehuangmo。suoyi,danganhounongcundiqugexiangshiyedetuihua,yizhiyuxingchenghoulaiyanzhongdesannonghenongcunfazhanfangxiangweijiwentijiushibirandele。fanguandangxia,quanguozhiyoushaoshubaoliulejitijingjidenongcundifang,gongnongyeheshehuizhengtidefazhanzhuangkuanghaisuanbucuo,danyinweimeiyoulerenmingongshedequyutongchouzuoyong,yebuguoshilingxingjigecunzhuangeryi。muqianzhongguojincunderenmingongshebiaoben,shihebeishengjinzhoushidezhoujiazhuangrenmingongshe,zheigeshecong1952nianhezuohuakaishi,yijingcunzai60duonian,shijianada28kaijiangguanwangguomuqianshuoguojincundeyonggonggonglaodongdaitizibenjiejuelenongcundiqugongnongyejishehuishiyefazhandenongcunshehuizhuyigaizaodianxing(cankan《panyi: xieyudurunshengshishizhiji——zhongguojiticunzhuangdeqishi》)。keyishuozhoujiazhuangdefangxiang,jiushizhongguonongcunweilaidefangxiang。weilainongcundeshehuizhuyizaigeming,qishijianjieguobiranyehaiyiranyaozhixiangrenmingongshedefangxiang。quyudefazhanmeiyoutongyideguihua、lingdaohegonggonglaodonglaiyuan,shibukexiangxiangde。

  suoyishuo,renmingongshecongxianzaikaishi,yinggaizhongxinzhengming。

  guanyudayuejinwenti、xinzhongguogonggonglaodongchuqidesanniankunnanyudayuejinherenmingongshehuayundongdeguanxiwenti,jianada28kaijiangguanwangjianglingwaizhuwentantao。

加拿大28开奖官网  zongtilaikan,buyinggaishidayuejinzaochengliangshiweiji,eryinggaishiliangshiweijiyanzhongpohuailedayuejin。

加拿大28开奖官网  maozedongshidai,suiransanniankunnanshiqiyinweiliangshiweijishizhenggeguominjingjiyuejinzaoshouleyidingdecuozhe,shinongcundiqudegongyehuazaisuihoushijinianzhongzaoshouyidingdecuozhehetingdun,danzheibuyingxiangxinzhongguozhenggeguominjingjihoulaidezhengtiyuejin。maozedongshidaidechengjiu,benshenjiuzhengminglezheigeyuejin、zhengminglegongchanzhuyijueduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchanduituidonggongyehuaheguominjingjifazhandeweidalishizuoyong。

加拿大28开奖官网  suoyi,duigongchanzhuyidejueduigonggongbiyaolaodonglaijiang,daoburubadayuejinchuqidesanniankunnanwenti,zuoweiyigegonggonglaodongchuqideguanlijingyanketilaijiang。duigongchanzhuyidegonggonglaodongshilaishuo,sanniankunnanshiqidelishijingyanshijishiyibijudaerbaoguidelishicaifu,yongyuanzhidehourenmingji。

加拿大28开奖官网  shijizhenshidelishiyequeshishizheiyangde。zhuxizaishideshihoujiuyijingxiquzheigelishijingyan,yizhiqiangdiaoyiliangweigang、xiannonghougong,zuojihualiuyouyudi。ergaikaiyihou,wulundifangzenmezuosi,18yimudeliangshiyongdidixianzhongyangyehaishiyaojianshoude。zheidoushideyiyugonggonglaodongguanlichuqidejingyanheshaozhong2yimudelishijiaoxun。

  zhu: guanyusanniankunnandeyuanyin,qingcankanwangwen《sanniankunnanshiqixingchengyuanyintanjiu》(shuming: xiaocao)、dongfangchubanshechenxiaonongzhu《chenbodazuihoukoushuhuiyi》he《zhonggongzhongyangpizhuannongyebudangzu<guanyu1959niannongyeshengchandejidianyijian>》。《yuanyintanjiu》he《chenbodahuiyi》suojisanniankunnanxingchengderenweiyuanyinxiangjin。zhuyaobutongdianzaiyu: 《yuanyintanjiu》guanyu59nianliangshizhongzhimianjishigenju《zhonggongzhongyangpizhuannongyebudangzu<guanyu1959niannongyeshengchandejidianyijian>》,er《chenbodahuiyi》zeshigenjudangdebajieliuzhongquanhui《guanyu59nianguominjingjidejihuajueyi》,erliangzheyoutongshidoumeiyoutidaoduifangsuotigongdeshangshuwenxian。anlishuo,《zhonggongzhongyangpizhuannongyebudangzu<guanyu1959niannongyeshengchandejidianyijian>》zhongpiludeshujushihoulaijingguoshujichuduiyuan59nianguominjingjijihuajueyixiugaiyihoudeshuju,yinggaigengzhunqueyixie。danbunengwushichenxiaononghuochenbodadeyijian,59nianxialiang(rudongxiaomai)zhongzhimianjiyinweishitounianqiuhougengzhongde,suoyitayinggaishiyijingshouledangshizhiding59nianguominjingjijihuashidezengchanyuqiqingxudeyingxiangde,suoyichenxiaononghuochenbodapilude59nianxialiangzhongzhimianjibi58nianjianshao20%,yingdangshizhunquede,qimabunenghushi。congzheigejiaodujiang,shujichuhoulaidediaozheng,zhiduozhishidui59nianguodajianshaoliangshizhongzhimianjicongjian20%daojian10%dedazhexingbujiu。kongpayebunengzuowei59nianliangshizhongzhiqingkuangdezhunqueshujule。

  八、相对公共必要产品的生产

加拿大28开奖官网  zongjiejueduigonggonglaodongdeshengchan, jianada28kaijiangguanwanghuifaxian,jiaqiangjueduigonggonglaodongdeshengchan,zongshiyuqianghuarenmendeshehuifengonghechuangxinrenmenzaishehuishengchanzhongdelaodongxiezuofangshixianglianxide。zheifuheshengchanlifazhandeyibanguilv。

  zaishengchanlifazhandezaoqi,shehuishengchanlidefazhanzhuangkuangzongshiyugegeshidairenmenfengongfazhandezhuangkuangxianglianxide。shehuishengchanzhongdefengongxiezuobenshenjiudaibiaozherenmenzaigegecengcishangdeshengchanhelaodongxiezuoxingshidechuangxin,congerdaibiaozheconghongguandaoweiguanshehuishengchanxiaolvdetigao。

加拿大28开奖官网  tongyang,gongchanzhuyishengchanzaitaxuyaojiaqiangjueduigonggongbiyaochanpinshengchandedifang,youqishishangweichongfenjinrujiqishengchanjieduandeguojiahediqu,yeshitongguojiaqianggong、nong、shangyedefengong,jigongnongshanggezineibudefengong,tongguofazhanconghongguandaoweiguanshehuishengchangegecengcishangrenmenxindegongchanzhuyideshengchanhelaodongxiezuo,laifazhanshehuizongdeshengchanxiaolvde。zheixiangdangyuzibenzhuyicongbijiaofensandeshengchanjinrudaogongchangshougongyejiaojizhongdeshengchanjieduan。gongchanzhuyijueduigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchanjuebujinjinshitingliuzaizengjiashehuizongdelaodongliangshang,tazuizhonghaishiyaotongguorenmendeshengchanhelaodongxiezuo,chongfenfajuegonggonglaodongfengongxiezuojitidejihedeliliang,laitigaodanweilaodongshijiangonggongchanpindeshengchanxiaolvjiadagonggongchanpindeshengchan。

加拿大28开奖官网  erzheijiushejidaoxiangduigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchanle。

  zaizheili,gongyouzhixiagongchanzhuyigonggonglaodongkeyianxuyaoanjihuaziyoudiaopeidexingzhi,wuyishiduirenmengezhonggongchanzhuyixindeshengchanhelaodongxiezuofangshizaigegecengcishangdexunsuxingchenghefazhan,tigonglexiangduisiyouzhisiyoulaodongwukebinidekongjianhejichu。gongchanzhuyigegexingyeneibujiqizhijiandezuhefangshi,doushizaigongchanzhuyigongyouzhihegonggonglaodongkeyiziyoudiaopeidezheigejichushangxingchenghefazhanqilaide。erzhiyaoshitamenzuoweiyidingdeshengchanhuolaodongxiezuofangshixingchengbingfazhanqilaile,tamenjiehesuoxingchengdejitijihedeliliangduishengchanlvdefangdazuoyongjiuyidinghuitixianchulai。zheishirenmenhuifaxian,shengchantongyangdegonggongchanpin,renmensuoxuyaodezongdelaodongshijian,shijibiyiqianshidadadejianshaole。suowei1+1+1dayu3。

  erzhiyaoshitongguotigaogonggonglaodongdeshengchanxiaolv,zaibuduanjianshaorendeshijilaodongshijiantiaojianxiasuojinxingdeyirankebaozhangchongzudegonggongbiyaochanpingongjideshengchan,jiushixiangduigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchan。

  xiangduigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchan,zaiqiangongyehuadegongchanzhuyijingjiti,doushixiangshangshuneiyangtongguojiaqianggonggonglaodongzhongdefengongxiezuozheizhongxingshijinxingde。zaizheizhongqiangongyehuadejingjiti,tamenjiaqianggonggongchanpindeshengchan,wuyibushiyifangmianjiaqiangjueduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchan,yifangmianjiaqiangduigonggonglaodongfengongxiezuodeshehuijihelidefajue,laijiaqiangdexiangduigonggongbiyaochanpinshengchan,qishishiliangzhonggonggongbiyaochanpinshengchanxingshidejinmijiehe(keyibizhaocankao《zibenlun》zibenzhuyigongchangshougongyedebufen)。

  eryidanggongyehuawanchengjiqigongyejianliqilai,suizhejiqizidonghuashengchandezhujianpujiyingyong, jueduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchanhetongguofazhanfengongxiezuodeshehuijiehedeliliangdexiangduigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchan,jiuyaozhujianrangweijijiqizidonghuashengchan,heyujiqigefazhanjieduanxiangshiyingdefengongxiezuodejixudiaozheng、zheiliangzhesuotixiandexiangduigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchan。

加拿大28开奖官网  xiangduigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchan,zaiqiangongyehuadejingjitizhuyaoshikaofengongxiezuojinxingde。erzaigongyehuahoudejingjiti,qijichuzezhuyaoshikaoyijingfazhanzhuangdaqilaidejiqizidonghuashengchanjinxingde。zaizheili,fengongxiezuodejixudiaozheng,zhishishehuishengchangenjuxindejiqifazhanzhuangkuangdediaozheng。yiner,xiangduigonggongbiyaochanpinshengchandezuizhongxingshi,jiushitongguojiqizidonghuashengchansuojinxingdexiangduigonggongbiyaochanpinshengchan。

加拿大28开奖官网  jiqizidonghuashengchan,zaiguoqujianada28kaijiangguanwangjiaogongnongyeshengchandejixiehuadianqihua。jintiansuizhexiandaitongxin、diannao、hulianwang、wulianwang、weixingdingweijishu、jiqiren、3ddayin,yijizheixiejishudejiehedefazhan,yiqiewuningshuoshijiqizidonghuashengchan,zuihoushijiqizhinenghuashengchan。

加拿大28开奖官网  jianada28kaijiangguanwangguoqushuoguo,gongyegemingshirenleiliyongzijiwenmingchuangzaodeshengchangongju,zuizhongfoudingrenbenshenheziranjiezheiliangyangziranchanshengdeshengchangongjudegeming,shixiaomielaodongheziyuandegeming。wuzhishengchanzhong,renbenshenjiushigongju,ergongjubenshenjiushiren——shiduirenbenshenheziranjiezheilianggeziranchanshengdeshengchangongjudeyanzhanghetidai。ergongyegemingzhong,zuizhongfoudinghetidairenleilaodongfoudingrenbenshenzheigeziranchanshengdeshengchangongjudewenmingchuangzaogongju,jiushigongyegemingzhongzhujianfazhanqilaidejiqihejiqixitong、zhinengjiqixitong(foudingziranjiezheigeziranchanshenggongjude,shinongyegengdi、huagongchangdeng)。

加拿大28开奖官网  makesicengduociyinyongyouerboshi《gongchangdezhexue》zhongdehuashuo: “jiqifazhanbubiandemubiaojiushijianshaohexiaomierendelaodong”。makesizai《zibenlun》diyijuandishisanzhang《jiqihedagongye》dekaipianshuo,jiqizhisuoyijiaojiqi,bunengjinjinshuoshiyinweijiqiyongziranlidaitilerenli。ziranlidaitirenli,guyiyouzhi。biruchuli、fengli、shuili,gudaijiuyiyingyong。jiqizhisuoyijiaojiqi,zhuyaoshiyinweijiqiyijingyoukeyigaoxiaodaitirendeshuangshougongzuodegongzuoji,shiwaili(renli、houlaizuizhongshiziranli)tuidongjiqidegongzuojizheizhongrengongzhuangzhi,nenggoutongshidaitixuduorendeshuangshouzixingshiyonggezhonggongju,yibirenshougenggaodexiaolvshengchanchushulianggengduozhilianggengwendingdechanpin。zheijiushishuo,jiqizhisuoyijiaojiqi,yeyibujinjinshiyinweitakuodalerendelaodongnengli。kuodarendelaodongnenglishiyiwangsuoyoushidaisuoyoudewenmingchuangzaogongjusuogongtongjuyoudetezheng。danjiqiyijingbujinjinruci,tazhuyaodeshiyijingkeyidaitirencaozuogongjuhejinxinggongzuo。suoyishuo,jiqishizhishangshikeyitidairenleilaodongdejixie,shirenleiwenmingchuangzaogongjuyanzhanghefoudingrenbenshenzheigeziranchanshengdeshengchangongjuzuigaodefazhanxingshi,shidaitirenleilaodongyiyidezhenzhengjixiehualederen。zheijiushijiqidebenzhi。erxianzaigongren,gongyegemingshiyongjiqishengchandaitishougonglaodongdegeming(makesidebenyishi,jiqitongshizaigongchangneiqianggongrendefanwan,zaishichangshangqiangyugetishougonglaodonglianxizhedexiaoshengchanzhejixiaozichanjiejidefanwan)。zheigegemingzaiguoqu,beihenduorenwuyiweizhishijuyou18shijideyiyideshiqing。ershijishang,zheigegemingshidaojintianyeyiranmeiyouwanchengdeyizhenggelishiguocheng。

加拿大28开奖官网  yejiushishuo,jiqishifazhande。

加拿大28开奖官网  makesideshidai,jiqihaizhishikeyitidairenzailaodongzhongshoujiaodegangganzuoyonghedongliyuanzuoyong。neishihoudejiqixitonghaishihensibande,taduirenshoudetidaiyehaizhishinengzuoyixiebijiaodanyidezhongfuxingdedongzuo。zheileijiqihoulaifazhanchengchengtaodeshengchanxian,danyezhishishiyingyuyixiegaodubiaozhunhuadebijiaodanyipinzhongchanpindeguimozhongfuxingshengchan。yejiushishuozheigeshiqidejiqixitong,zongtihaishihenjixiede,haihenbulinghuo。

  daojintianweizhi,renleiyijingfaminglediannao,bingqiexianzaiyijingxiangzhinengjidefangxiangfazhan(hulianwangduizhinengjidedingyi: juyouganzhi、shibie、tuili、xuexidengnengli,nengchulidingxingde、buwanquanbuquedingdezhishi,nengyurenleiyiziranyuyan、wenzijituxingtuxiangtongxinbingzaishijihuanjingzhongyoushiyingnengli)。“1914nian meiguorenqiaozhi·dewoerzhizaochushijieshangdiyitaikebianchengdejiqiren(jishijieshangdiyitaizhenzhengdejiqiren)…zheizhongjixieshounenganzhaobutongdechengxucongshibutongdegongzuo,yincijuyoutongyongxinghelinghuoxing。”(hulianwang)“1959nian dewoeryumeiguofamingjiayuesefu·yinggebogelianshouzhizaochudiyitaigongyejiqiren。suihou,chenglileshijieshangdiyijiajiqirenzhizaogongchang——unimationgongsi。youyuyinggebogeduigongyejiqirendeyanfahexuanchuan,tayebeichengwei“gongyejiqirenzhifu”。”(hulianwang)

  muqian,shijieshanggongyejiqirenyijingdaguimoyingyongyugongyeshengchanhecangchuwuliu。

  yejiushishuo,jintiandejiqiyijingyouletazijidezhongshuhewaiweishenjingxitong,yijingkeyianzhaoyudingdegongzuochengxushenzhizidongbianchengdaitirennaozaishengchanshenghuozhongdehenduochengxuzhixinggongnengzidonggongzuo。bingqieshenzhiyijingkeyigenjugezhongbutongdeteshuxuyaoduiduopinzhongchanpinjinxinglinghuodegaoxiaoanxushengchan(jisuoweirouxingshengchan)。

  zheijiushishuo,jiqijintianyijingfazhandaolezhinengjiqidejieduan,jijiqirendejieduan。buguanshidaitirenshouhaishidaitizhenggerendegongzuogongneng,tadouyijingkeyizhendexiangrenyiyangyuelaiyuedulilinghuodigongzuole。huoshuo,xianzaidejiqiyijingfazhandaolegengjiajiejinyuzhenzhengdaitirenleilaodongyiyidejieduan。

  buguangruci,shijishangsuizhexiandaitongxin、hulianwang、wulianwang、weixingdaohangdingwei、3ddayindengjishuyujiqirenjishujiehedefazhan,renrenhulian、renjihulian、jijihulian,yijingyulaiyushirenleiwenmingchuangzaodeshengchangongju,fazhanchengweijirenshigongju、jiaowanggongju、wuzhishengchangongju、shenghuogongjuweiyitidefugaiguangfanchujiaobianbudezhinenggongjuxitong。zheigexitongbudanshizairenmenshehuishengchanshenghuodefangfangmianmianzuidahuadekuozhanzherenmendelaodongnengli,bingqieyijingshizaishishizaizaididaitixiaomierenmendelaodonghefangbianzherenmendeziyoushenghuole。weilaidezhinenggongjuxitongbuguangnengzikongshengchan,hainengshengchandiaodu,buguangnengshengchandiaodu,hainengzongguanrenmendeshenghuo,shizongguanshenghuohezikongshengchandetongyi。

  ——yurenmenwuzhiziliaodeyanfa、shengchan、xiaofeiguochengxiangguandeshehuishengchanhuodong,wufeijigefangmian: yishiyukejiyouguanderenshihuodong,yishiyujiaohuanjiaowangyouguandeshehuijiaowanghuodong,yishiwuzhishengchanhuodong(jishengchanlaodong),zaijiushibaohanzhexiaofeihuodongdeziyouhuodong。

加拿大28开奖官网  xiangyingde,baohanzhexiaofeihuodongdeyurenmendeshenghuoshuipinggaodutongyizhezhenggeshehuishengchanli,jiutongshiyouzheigeshehuiderenshinengli、jiaowangnenglihewuzhishengchannenglizheisangefangmiansuotongyiguiding。

  jianada28kaijiangguanwangqianbianshuoguo,shehuishengchanlizaitafazhandeqianqi,wubushikaorenmendeshehuifengongfazhande。youyufengong,yourenzhuanmencongshijiaowangjiaohuan,congerxingchengyouzheng、shangren、shangye、shichang;yourenzhuanmencongshishengchan,shengchanneibuhaijinxingzhezhubuxihuadefengong——gongnongyedefengong,gongnongyegezineibuyouyoufengong;yourenzhuanmencongshikeyan,haigeyouzhuanmendeketifangxiang。zheiyangyouyufengong,renmenjiujitongshifazhanletamendeshehuijiaowangnengli、wuzhishengchannengli、renshinengli,zongzhitamengongtongdeshehuishengchanli,youtongshifazhanletamengongtongdeshehuishengchanzuzhifangshi。zairenleiwenmingchuangzaodeshengchangongjuhaibunenggenbendedaitirenleibenshenzaiwuzishengchanzhongdelaodongdeshihou,jizaiyilaodongweijichudeshehui,renmentongguoshehuifengongtigaozijideshengchanli,zheishidangshishengchanlifazhandebiran。

加拿大28开奖官网  eryidangshangshuzhinenggongjuxitongkaishijianlihechengshuqilai,zaigongchanzhuyitiaojianxia,tajiuyaozhujiandexiaomierenmendefengonghezuizhongyaoxiaomierenleidelaodongle。youyuhulianwangdengjishishehuijianada28kaijiangguanwangjiaowangnenglidefazhan,youyuxinxihezhishigongxiangpingtaitixidejianlichengshuhefazhan,kexuerenshilingyudezhuanyefengongjiuhuizhujianxiaowang。suoweizhuanjiaxuezhexiangjiaopuluodazhongzairenshilingyujiangyuelaiyuebuzaizhanjuyoushi,jieshikexuejiangshidazhongdeshi。shangren、shangye、shichang、youzheng,zheiyangdezhongjiejiaowang,jiangbufucunzai。jizhierlaideshirenyuren、shengchanzheyuxiaofeizhejiandezhijiejiaowang。youyuzhinenggongjuxitongdefazhan,renbenshenyezhujianbuzaizuoweizhongjiejiaowanggongjuhewuzhishengchangongjucunzai,shangyedengzhongjielaodong、shengchanxinglaodong、hehenduoyuwuzhiziliaodeshengchan、jiaohuanjiaowangyouguandeguanlilaodongyejiangquyuxiaowang。dangran,zheishigezhubudeguocheng,zaigongchanzhuyitiaojianxiayeshigeyouzuzhideguocheng。

加拿大28开奖官网  gongchanzhuyitiaojianxia,shengchanshenghuogongjuxitongderenhedejinbu,tashouyaodejieguojiushizhijiedijianshaozherenmenshengchanshenghuozhongdelaodonghelaodongshijian,tigaozherenmenxiangduigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchannengli、zengduozherenmenlaodongwaideziyoushenghuoshijian。

  gongchanzhuyitiaojianxia,gonggongbiyaochanpin(xiangduizibenzhuyideshengyujiazhi)yuanbenjiushiweisuoyoushehuichengyuanconglaodongzhongdegongtongjiefangheziyoushenghuojianada28kaijiangguanwangde。gongchanzhuyilaodongshizhonggonggonglaodong,zheizhonggonggonglaodongyijingxiaochulezibenzhuyishengchanzaigongyegemingwentishangdeneizhongyanzhongduilidezhuangtai。zaijixufazhanzhedegongyegemingzhong,jiqizidonghuazhinenghuashengchanjishuderenhedejinbu,doushouxianshizhijiedijianshaozherenmenzaigonggonglaodongzhongdegonggonglaodongshijianyanzhangzhemeigerenlaodongwaideziyoushenghuoheziyouhuodongshijian。jiqishengchanyuefazhan,shehuisuoxuyaodebiyaolaodongshijianjiuyueshao,meigeshehuichengyuankexiangshoudelaodongwaideziyoushenghuoshijianhexiangduiyulaodongzheiyibingfeiziyoudeziyouhuodongjiuyueduo。

  suoyi,fazhanjiqishengchan,zaigongchanzhuyitiaojianxiashiheyusuoyoushehuichengyuandegongtongliyide,yinershiheyugongchanzhuyishengchandemudede。gongchanzhuyishengchandemude,chulerenmenshenghuodeshengchanhezaishengchan,shuodaodijiushirenmenlaodongwaiziyoushenghuoshijiandeshengchan。bingqie,yezhiyougongchanzhuyidezheizhongshengchanguanxi,caikeyizaijinkenengdadefanweinei,tuidongzhinenggongjuxitongdefazhanhezuizhongwanchenggongyegemingsuofuyurenleidezuizhongxiaomielaodongdelishishiming,shiengesizai《zhengzhijingjixuepipandagang》zhongsuotichuderenyuzirandeguanxidejiejuezuizhongwancheng。

  erzaizibenzhuyidetiaojianxia,gongyegemingxiaomielaodongshixianrenleiconglaodongzhongjiefangderenwushibukenengwanchengde。zaijiqihezibenjieheweizibenliyijianada28kaijiangguanwangdeqingkuangxia,zhinenggongjuxitongdezheizhongfazhanzongyaoyudaozibenzhuyideshengchanguanxidezhangai。

加拿大28开奖官网  shouxian,zibenzaiyidingshiqijijiliyongjishujinbu,zailingyigeshiqiyougezhijishujinbu,doushiweilequduishengyujiazhishengchanyoulideqingkuang。erduikaochumailaodonglihukoudeguyonglaodongzhelaishuo,tamenbiranyouyaofanduizhinenggongjuxitongduiqifanwandezhengduo。yinweizhinenggongjuxitongsuiranbenlaishijieshenglaodongzhelaodongshijiandetiaojian,danzaizibenzhuyitiaojianxia,shouxianqueshidamianjixiaojianrenmenjiuyejihuidetiaojian。zibenzhuyitiaojianxia,zhinenggongjuxitongrenhedefazhan,doubiranyisunhailaodongzhedeshengcuntiaojianweidaijia。suoyi,zhinengjiqisuiranshimeiguorenshouxiankaifade,danbingbushimeiguofazhandezuihao。dangran,zhiyaohaishizibenzhuyideshengchanguanxi,suoweigongye4.0,huozheyihoude5.0——zhinengshengchanxitongdepubianhuajiubuguoshishaoshuzhuanjiaxuezhedemeihaoyuanjingeryi。zaizibenzhuyitiaojianxia,gongyegemingfazhandaoyidingchengdu,laodongxiaomiejinchengdefazhanjiuyaohezibenzhuyideshengchanguanxifashengmaodun,bushijiudeshengchanguanxizaiqiangliededuikangzhongdedaojiejuechanshengxindeshengchanguanxi,congerzaixindejichushangjixugongyegemingwanchengxiaomielaodongderenwu,jiushigongyegemingxiaomielaodongdejinchengjinruyigexiangduidetingzhidezhuangtai。zheibushiyirendeyizhiweizhuanyide,zheishizibenzhuyishengchanfangshideguyoumaodunshiran。

  ergongchanzhuyidegonggonglaodong,zhengshizibenzhuyizheizhongduikangxingshengchanguanxidezuizhongjiejue。zibenzhuyiyugongyegemingdezheizhongmaodun,zhiyouzaigongchanzhuyidegonggonglaodongguanxizhongcaikeyizhenzhengjiejue。biruzhongguogongyegemingdeqingkuang,zhongguoxianzaishishijieshanggongyejiqirenxiaofeibilizuigaodeguojia,tongshitudizhengzaijiajinliuzhuan,nongmingongdewuchanjiejihuazhengzaijiasujinxing。zheilianggeyundongfazhandejieguo,biranshizaiweilaidemougejieduanshi1990niandaizhongqiyiqiandegongchanzhuyigonggonglaodongzhongxinfuhuo。dangran,shizaigenggaocengcishangdefuhuo。

  suoyi,gongchanzhuyijuebushimouxierennaozilixiangxiangchulaideshenmewutuobang,tashijishizibenzhuyiyugongyegemingmaodundebiranjieguo。

加拿大28开奖官网  qijindegongchanzhuyijingjitisuirandoushishoudiguozhuyiqinlveheshouguojigongchanzhuyiyundongyingxiang,shouxianzaibijiaoluohoudeqiangongyehuaguojiajianlide。zheikansihaoxiangbingbujuyouxiandaigongchanzhuyidedianxingyiyi,danshijicongtayouyiyuzibenzhuyizaiyanzhongdeshehuiduikangzhongtuijingongyegemingxiaomielaodongdejincheng,congtaxiaochulezheizhongduikangxingmaodun,bagongyegemingxiaomielaodongdejinchengzhuanbianchengyizhongrenleishehuidezijuedezuzhiguochenglaikan,tadaogengjiatuxianchugongchanzhuyizaituidonggongyegemingxiaomielaodongjinchengshangdedianxingyiyi,yinershibiaozhundegongchanzhuyi。

  zaisuliandongougongchanzhuyitizhiwajieyihou,renmenkaishihuaiyiluohouguojiagongchanzhuyidelishihelixing。

加拿大28开奖官网  deque,zaizheixiegongyegemingluohouguojia,ruguojinjinkaolvqiluohoudeshengchanlibenshen,neimesirenlaodongzuoweigerendeshengcunshouduan,zaizheixieguojiaqueshishishangyouqilishihelixingde。ranerruguobazheixieguojiafangdaogengguangkuodeshijiebeijingxia,rangtamianduiyijinggongyehualedeshijieheyijingdiguozhuyihualedeqiangdadeguojiziben,zaigongyegemingdezijueganchaogongzuozhong,zheishisirenlaodongduijileidedixiaohetadewufaanjihuadiaopeixing,gongyegemingqianshehuigetixiaoshengchanduishehuihuadashengchanqushidezhangaixing,jiuyijingshitashiquletadelishihelixingle。qimashizongtideshiquletadelishihelixingle。zheishigongchanzhuyigonggonglaodong,yinweitadekegaoxiaodiaopeixing,tajizuoweirenmendegonggongshengcunshouduan,youzuoweibutongyuzibenzhuyizifaxingdegongchanzhuyixinxingshehuifazhanzijuezuzhigongzuoshouduan,jiuyouletabirandelishihelixing。

  ——renshiheshijiandetongyixing,shimakesizhuyideyigejichuxingdemingti。makesizhuyizuoweirenleiduizishenlishishijiandezhengquerenshi,tadedanshengbiaozhizherenleijinbumangdongdezifadezhuangtaidejieshu,hezijuezuzhizishenfazhandeshidaidekaishi。zheiyang,zaizheigeshidaipaoqibixuyaojingguozibenzhuyilishijieduandexianxinglishifazhanguan,genjuyouzhizijuedizuzhihaogongyegemingluohouguojiahediquderenleijinbu,caishizhenzhengmakesizhuyide。xianzai,youxierenbamakesizhuyidabanchengweitiaojianlundexianxingshiguan,xuanyangxiangzhongguozheiyangdeyuanbenluohouguojiazhiyouzhongzouzibenzhuyidelaolujingguozibenzhuyidechongfenfazhan,caikeyizuizhongdadaogongchanzhuyi。zheishijishiduigemingheduimakesizhuyideyanzhongdaotuihebeipan。zhenzhengdemakesizhuyiqiangdiaozhutibenshenzaizijiziyouguochengzhongdezuoyong,qiangdiaozaiwuchanjiejiyijingqudezhengquan、yijinglingdaoqunzhongchuangjianlequnzhongzijidegongtonggemingxingdongzuzhizhutizhihou,jizaizijueshidai,guilvbiaoxianxingshitongtazaixianqianfeizijueshidaijiudebiaoxianxingshiwanquanbutongdebianhua。zheijiuxiangdianliguilvdebiaoxianxingshi,zairenleideyunyongzhonghetazaiziranjiezhongzirandebiaoxianxingshitianchadibieyiyang。makesizhuyichanshengyihou,lishiguilvzairenleizijuezuzhizishenfazhandexinshijianzhongxindebiaoxianxingshi,jiushigongchanzhuyihetadegonggonglaodong。nulidefengjiandezibendebiaoxianxingshizuoweijiudedongxi,zheishijiumeiyouletamenrenhedeyiyihelishihelixingle。

  sidalinmaozedonghou,weishengchanlilunweitiaojianlundemakesizhuyifanlan,buguoshiyizaishuomingle,zaimakesiyihou,zhiyoumaliemaozhuyicaishijianada28kaijiangguanwangzheigeshidaizhenzhengdemakesizhuyi。zhiyoumaliemaozhuyi,caizaiweiquanshijiezhiminglegongchanzhuyidaoludetongshi,weiquanshijiegongyegemingluohoudiqujichuleyitiaowanquanbutongyuzibenzhuyidaoludexinxingdewanzhengdegongchanzhuyigongyehuadaolu。

  xiamianduigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchanzuogeyanshenhezongjie。

  gongchanzhuyishidai,weilebaozhanggonggongchanpindegongji,renmenzongshiyaoshouxianshidangdijiaqiangjueduigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchan,ranhouweileconglaodongzhongdegongtongjiefangerfazhanxiangduibiyaochanpindeshengchan;suizhelaodongzaishenduguangdushangdefazhan,zaixinxingxingyeshidudijiaqiangjueduigonggonglaodongdeshengchan,zaichengshudelaoxingyejijifazhanxiangduigonggonglaodongdeshengchan。yifangmianshishehuizonglaodongxuqiuliangdebuduanjianshaoherenmenziyoushenghuoliangdebuduanzengjia,yifangmianshilaodongxuqiuliangconglaoxingyexiangxinxingyebuduandizhuanyi。

加拿大28开奖官网  yejiushishuo,zaigongchanzhuyishengchanlidetigaozhong,xianshiyaozaijueduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchanzhong,chongfendewajuerendelaodonglihelaodongxiaolv,houshizaibaochichongyudegonggongchanpingongjidetiaojianxia,zaixiangduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchanzhongjiefangrendelaodongli。huoshierzhedecanchajiehe: laochanyejiaqiangxiangduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchan,buduandijiefangrendelaodongli,xinchanyeweichiyidingdejueduigonggongbiyaolaodongdeshengchan,shidangditouruyidingdelaodongli。zairanhoujiushifazhanzhinenghuaderouxinganxushengchanle,zhujianmohubutongchanpinshengchandejiexian。

  zaizheili,zaijueduigonggongchanpindeshengchanzhong,jueduigonggongchanpindechanchuliangshiyushehuishengchantasuotourudeshehuilaodongliangchengzhengbide,tourudeshehuilaodongliangyueduo,dedaodegonggongchanpinjiuyueduo,fanzhiyueshao。zaixiangduigonggongchanpindeshengchanzhong,suijiqishengchandefazhan,tongyangdegonggongchanpinliang,shengchanlvyuetigaotourudelaodongliangjiuyuehuijianshao。

  suoyi,zailiangzhonggonggongchanpindeshengchanzhong,zaibaochulebuchanglaodongzhesuoxiaohaolaodongdegerenbiyaochanpinhou,zhenzhengnengbuduanzengjiarenmenlaodongwaiziyoushenghuoshijianliangde,haishixiangduigonggongchanpindeshengchan。

  ruguoshuogonggongchanpinzongliangdaibiaoshehuizongshenghuoliang,neimegonggongbiyaochanpindezongliangsuodaibiaodezhengshishehuilaodongwaideziyoushenghuozongliangbenshen。

  renmenkeshixiandeziyoushenghuoliangdeduoyushao,zongshiyudangqikeshengchandegonggongbiyaochanpinzongliangjiqizaizonggonggongchanpinzhongzhanbideduoshaoyouguanxide。gonggongbiyaochanpindeliangzaizonggonggongchanpinliangzhongdezhanbiyueda,shehuiconglaodongzhongjiefangchulaiderenkou——dangqidefeilaodongzhefeishengchanxinglaodongzhedezongliangjiuyueda,renmenconglaodongzhongjiefangdedechengdujiuyuegao。dangran,zheilideshenghuoliangyijingshirenyuziranguanxiyiyishangdeneigeshenghuoliang,yijingbuzaihuoyuelaiyuebuzaishizuoweijiaohuanjiazhideshehuiguanxiyiyideneigeshenghuoliang。gongchanzhuyitiaojianxia,laodongliangyushenghuoliangdewentiyijingzhujianzhongguiyurenyuzirandeguanxi 。(canjian《laodongliangyushenghuoliangdeguanxiwenti——makesizhuyizhengzhijingjixuelilunzengbu》)

  九、共产主义劳动的质量

  laodongdezhiliang,zhijiedeshizhirenmenzaitongyangdelaodongshijianneishengchandeshiyongjiazhishulianghezhiliang。erzheigeshiyongjiazhidezhiliang,jiushitaxiangbibumentongleibutongchanpindexiangduixiaoyong。

加拿大28开奖官网  jianada28kaijiangguanwangzheigedifangsuoshuodelaodongdezhiliang,zhuanzhishiyongjiazhidexiaoyongwenti。

  gongchanzhuyizhengzhijingjixuedehexinketi,shiyanjiurenyuziranguanxijinchengherenyurenguanxijinchengdezijuezuzhiwenti。qizhongyouyirenyuziranguanxidezijuezuzhijinchengweijichu。yinweimeiyourenyuziranguanxijinchengdezhengquelijie,renyurenshehuiguanxidezijuezuzhiwentijiujieshibuhao。youyouyurenmenshengchanshouduanheshengchanchengguodegaodutongyi,zheijiuyoubiyaoyanjiuzuoweishengchanchengguodeshiyongjiazhiwenti,jishiyongjiazhidexiaoyongjiqilishiguilvwenti。zheijianada28kaijiangguanwangzai《laodongliangheshenghuoliangdeguanxiwentijianlaodongxiaoyongjiazhilun__makesizhuyizhengzhijingjixuelilunzengbu》yiwenyijingyoutan。

  zaiguoqudemakesizhuyijingjixuezhong,youyucengjingdexiaoyongjiazhilunhelaodongjiazhilundeduili,xiaoyongwentijibenshimingquebutande。danfengongshengchanzhong,bumentongleishiyongjiazhijiandexiaoyongchabiehebumenzhengtishiyongjiazhibujianduandigengxinshengjiqueshishicunzaide(shoujiweili)。bingqie,xiaoyongguigenjiedishitongshitixianzherenyurendemouzhongjingjiguanxiherenyuziranguanxidefazhanzhuangkuang。yinerzaigongchanzhuyishiqi,zairenyurenherenyuziranguanxifazhandezijuezuzhigongzuozhong,laodongchanpindexiaoyongwentijiubunengbutan。guanjian,tayulaodongjiazhilunyebingbuzhenzhengmaodun。

加拿大28开奖官网  《laodongliangheshenghuoliangdeguanxiwenti》yijingshuodehenxiangxi: shiyongjiazhidexiaoyongwenti,bunengtuolibumentongleishiyongjiazhidefanweilaijiang。shiyongjiazhidexiaoyong,shitazuoweibumenzhengtishiyongjiazhidejueduixiaoyonghezuoweibumengebieshiyongjiazhiyubumentongleibutongshiyongjiazhixiangduixiaoyongdetongyi。bingqie,bumenshiyongjiazhidejueduixiaoyong,youshisuibumentongleishiyongjiazhixiangduixiaoyongdebuduangengxin、leiji、dizeng,erbuduanshengjifazhande。jianada28kaijiangguanwangpingshishuodeshiyongjiazhidexiaoyong,zhuyaozhicishiyongjiazhiduibibumentongleibutongshiyongjiazhidexiangduixiaoyong。

加拿大28开奖官网  zaizheili,xiaoyongdebenzhi,jichudechuletixianzaitamanzujianqingrenmenshengchanshenghuozhonglaodongdeqiangduheshijianzhangduzheigexuqiushangsuonengdadaodechengdu,jiushitixianzaitamanzuyanzhangrenmendeziyoushenghuoshijianshenzhishengmingshijianzheigexuqiushangsuonengdadaodechengdu,zuihoucaishimanzurenmenshenghuoxiangshouheshenghuoshenmeidechengdu。suoyi,xiaoyongdefazhan,conggenbenshang,guigenjiedishimanzurenmendelaodongshijianheshenghuoshijian(shengmingshijian)zheilianggefangmiandeyijianyizhangxuqiusuonengdadaodechengdudefazhan。shengchanshenghuogongjuduirenmenlaodongnengliheshenghuonenglidekuozhan,zuizhongyebuguoshiduirenmenzheilianggefangmiannenglidekuozhan。yezhengyinweici,renheshidaishiyongjiazhidejinbudoushiherenmenshengchanshouduan、shenghuoshouduan、jiaowangshouduanshangdejinbutongyizhede。jiherenmendeshengchanfangshitongyi,youherenmendeshenghuofangshijiaowangfangshitongyi,zuizhongbiaoxianweirenmendeshengchanshenghuojiaowanggongju——zheixierenleizijiwenmingchuangzaodeshengchangongjuduirenbenshenheziranjiezheiliangyangziranchanshengdeshengchangongjudeyanzhanghetidaishang。

  ruci,gongchanzhuyishidai,zairenmenshengchanshenghuojiaowangfangshibiangedezijuezuzhigongzuozhong,renmenjiugengyingdangzijuedizuzhihaogebumenshiyongjiazhidejinbu,jiqixiaoyongdefazhan。renhebumendeshiyongjiazhidoushiweilemanzurendemouzhongxuyaode。danshiyongjiazhiyoubushiyixiazijiukeyidadaozheizhongxuyaode,ershitongguoyidaidaigaijinbuduanditishengzhubudijiejinshixianzheizhongxuyaode。danzheiqueshijianada28kaijiangguanwangyiwangdegongchanzhuyililunhejingjishijiansuomeiyouchongfenzhuyidaodewenti。biru,congyuantoushang,makesijiushangbushejixiaoyongwenti,shenzhizaizibenlunshougaozhongmingquejujueguotaolunxiaoyongwenti(zibenlundisanjuan)。danjianada28kaijiangguanwangbunengyincijiushuomakesidejingjixuebudui,erzhinengshuotahaimeiyouzuizhongwancheng。engesitidaoguoxiaoyongwenti,danmeiyouzuotaiduoshuoming。sunyefangsuoshuolaodongdexiaoyongwenti,duoyezhishishuodanweishijianshiyongjiazhideshengchanshuliangeryi。yizhiyujishidaojintian,yixiemakesizhuyixuejiuyitishiyongjiazhidexiaoyongwenti,haiyaodangzuohongshuimengshouduidai,yigaishiweifanmakesizhuyidedongxi。

加拿大28开奖官网  tandaomakesizhuyiyaobuyaoyanjiushiyongjiazhidexiaoyongwenti。qishihenjiandan。nikan,zheili,zaifengongshengchanzhong,xiaoyongshouxianshimouyibufenren(bumentongleishiyongjiazhidebutongshengchanzhe)weilemanzulingmouyibufenrendemouzhongxuqiuqijutilaodong(shiyongjiazhi)zaimanzuzheizhongxuqiushangsuonengdadaodemouzhongchengdu。zheizhijiejiushiyizhongshengchanguanxi——shengchanzhehexiaofeizhejiandeyizhongshengchanguanxi,shejixuqiuhexuqiumanzudezhuangkuang、shejijiyucidejiaohuanjijiaohuanjiazhibianhua、xuqiujiegouhegongjijiegoudebianhua。tatongshiyeshishengchanzheheshengchanzhejian(bumentongleibutongshengchanzhejian)deyizhongjingjiguanxi——shejibumenneibutongleibutongxiaoyongjutilaodongjiandexiaoyong、jiagejingzheng,hezhenggebumenchanyejiegoudebiandongshengji。zheiyang,xiaoyongjiuyaoduishehuidejingjiyunxingjizhichanshengyingxiang。bingqieshixianghuyingxiang,jingjiyunxingjizhiyaoyingxiangxiaoyongfazhan,xiaoyongfazhandexuqiuyeyaoyingxiangjingjiyunxingjizhi。ruci,makesizhuyihuogongchanzhuyi,zaishijianzhongjiuyaoyanjiuyuxiaoyongxiangguandezheixiewenti。

  zaikanjuti: zheilidexiaoyongchulemanzurendeshengmingyanxuzheigejibenxuqiusuonengdadaodemouzhongchengdu,zhijiejichudihaishimanzushengchanshenghuozhongrenmenlaodongshijiandejianshaoheziyoushenghuo(huodong)shijianshenzhishengmingshijiandeyanzhangzheilianggefangmianxuqiushangsuonengdadaodemouzhongchengdu。zheilidexiaoyong,zhijieyoubiaoxianweiyizhongrenyuzirandeguanxi。shiyongjiazhixiaoyongchixufazhandezhijiejieguo,jiushirenmenconglaodongshufu(baohanshikongshufu,shikongshufuyeyaotouguojiaqiangrendelaodonghuohuodongfuchubiaoxiantadecunzai)zhongdezhubujiefang——renmenlaodongshijiandejianshaoheziyoushenghuoshijiandeyanzhang。erzheigerenyuzirandeguanxidebianhua,youbiranyaoyingxiangdaoshehuiguanxishenzhishehuixingtaidebianhua。bujinruci,shijiyiranshixianghudeyingxiang。xiaoyongfazhanjihuiyingxiangshehuiguanxiheshehuixingtai,shehuiguanxishehuixingtaiyehuiyingxiangxiaoyongfazhan。zheibirandeyaoshejidaogongchanzhuyijieduanrenyuziranguanxiherenyurenshehuiguanxijinbudehuxiangyingxiang,jirenmenruhezuzhishiqigengyouxiaodehuxiangcujindewenti。ruci,makesizhuyihuogongchanzhuyi,jiubirangengyaoyanjiuhaoxiaoyongjiyuxiaoyongxiangguandewenti。

  youxierenjiekouxiaoyongwentibushishengchanguanxi,erjujueyanjiuta。zheizhongguandiancunzailianggecuowu: yishizhengzhijingjixueconglaiyebingbushipaolirenyuzirandeguanxikaocharendeshehuiguanxi。ershifengongshehuizhong,xiaoyongwentiqiahaojiushiyizhongshengchanguanxi。shijianyourenyuziranguanxideshengchanguanxi。zheigedifang,zheixierenshijishicuowulijielexiaoyongwentideshengchanguanxishuxing。

加拿大28开奖官网  duixiaoyongjiqijiazhibiaoxianwentidexiangjie,cankan《laodongliangheshenghuoliangdeguanxiwentijianlaodongxiaoyongjiazhilun》。

  zai《shenghuolianghelaodongliangdeguanxiwenti》zhong,jianada28kaijiangguanwangyijingtaolunguozibenzhuyitiaojianxiadeshangpinxiaoyonggengxinjizhiwenti。neime,zaigongchanzhuyitiaojianxia,shiyongjiazhidexiaoyonggengxinjizhiyoushizenyangdeni,nandaohuishiwanquanbutongdeliangyangdongxima?

  qishi,zaijichushang,erzhemeiyougenbendebutong。

  shouxian,shangpinshehui,tajilixiaoyonggengxindezhuti,shikaojingzhengzhongjiageheshichangzhanyoulvshangdeyouliejilide。erzaigongchanzhuyideyidingjieduanshang,huoshuozaishiyongjiazhidexiaoyonggengxinzhuyaohaishiyoushengchanfangtigongdejieduanshang,jiuyirankeyiliyongjiazhiguilv,yongyijingbuchangjibumendebumenzongshenghuoliangzaibumentongleibutongxiaoyongjutilaodongbuchangshangdechabielaijili。

  bingqie,jishizaizheili,zaizheigejieduanshang,shangpinshengchanhuoshuojiazhishengchanyijingxiaowangle,gongchanzhuyiyeyiranhaishigexiaofeicongerxiaofeijiegouyindaozhegongjihegongjijiegoubianhuadeshehui,queqiedeshuoshianxushengchandeshehui。zheishi,renmenduiyuxinxiaoyongchanpinjiqilaodongbuduanzengzhangdexuqiu,jiuhuiposhixinxiaoyonglaodongzaibumenzonglaodongzhongdezhanbibuduanzengjia,laoxiaoyonglaodongzaibumenzonglaodongzhongdezhanbibuduanjianshao。anxushengchanzuoweijihuadejichuxingshi,jiuhuizijuedidiaodonglaodongliheshengchannenglixiangxinxiaoyongchanpinjiqilaodongdezhuanyi。

加拿大28开奖官网  zheilixuyaotixing,zaigongchanzhuyichuqidejiazhishengchanzhong,suiranyirankeyicunzaishangshubumentongleibutongshengchanzhejingzhengbumenzongshenghuoliangfenedewenti,zheikansihezibenzhuyimeiyougenbendebutong,danbenzhishangqueyijingyoulegenbendechabie。zheigechabie,jiushigongchanzhuyishijiyijingzhujianshixiandabujichushenghuoziliaodeanxupeiji(jishidingliang),anzhaolaodongdeshulianghezhiliangdefenpeishijiyuelaiyuezhishiqizhongdeyigebufen。zheiyang,jiuyijingbucunzailelaodongxiaomiejinchengzhong,laodongzhedeshengcunshouduan——laodong,hetadelaodongshouduan——fazhanzhedejiqizidonghuazhinenghuashengchanbenshengenbenduilidewenti,shengchanzhutijiukeyijiaoshunlidiwanchengyoujiuxiaoyonglaodongxiangxinxiaoyonglaodongdeguodu。gongchanzhuyizaizheilizhishiyouxiaoliyongleshangpinshengchanshiqiyiliuxialaidexiaoyonggengxinjizhieryi。

  gongchanzhuyishehuidexiaoyonggengxinjizhi,ruguoshuoyuzibenzhuyihaiyoushenmebutong,neijiushigongchanzhuyigonggonglaodongduixiaoyonggengxinnenglideyingxiang。gongchanzhuyishehui,youyugonggonglaodongzhongrenmenzuoweigerenzailaodonggongxianshangyijingmeiyoulesiyouguannian,youyuxinxicailiaodegongxiang,youyuyougaoxiaodelingdao、zuzhihexiediao,youyujitizhihuidepengzhuang,zaicujinjishujinbuhechanpinxiaoyonggengxinshang,gonggonglaodongtizhiqueshiyouwuyulunbideyoushi。birujinnianlaizhongguozaigaotie、luqiaojijian、heguofangjishulingyudejinbu。yekeyicankaoxinzhongguokejiyuejinzhongdejishuxiezuo——congrengongyidaosu、zajiaoshuidao、qinghaosu、liangdanyixing、dafeiji、daowanzhengdegongyehekexuejishutixi,xinzhongguoqudedeneixieleileishuoguo。haiyoucengjingdesuliande。zheishijishigongchanzhuyishidaishiyongjiazhidexiaoyonggengxinfangmiandeyigehenzhongyaodeyoushi。shijianzhengming,zhiyaonengbashiyongjiazhixiaoyonggengxinwentidejingjixueyiyilishiyiyimingquechulai,gongchanzhuyijiuwanquankeyizuodaobizibenzhuyizaisuoyoudelingyugengyouxiaodeshiyongjiazhidexiaoyongjinbu。zheihenjiandan,shijieshangdeyiqieshiqingdoushirenzuode。gonggonglaodongzhong,zhiyaoyoulerendexuyao,jiuhuiyoubizibenzhuyizuzhidigenghaoderen。eryouzheizhongren,jiuhuiyouyiqie。

  dangran,gongchanzhuyixiangdangyiduanshijiannei,gongyouzhihegonggonglaodongsuocaiqudeguanlixingshi,haishidanweizhidexingshi。zheiyang,danweijitifanweineidegonggonglaodong,suirantadeneibuchengyuanzaizheizhonggonggonglaodongzhongyijingkeyimeiyoulesiyouquanguannian,danzheizhonggonggonglaodongbenshenzaitadeduiwaijiaowangshang,haishiyaobiaoxianweisiyouquande。shijishang,buguanduodafanweiheduogaocengmiandegongyougonggonglaodong,zaitadeduiwaijiaowangzhong,zongshiyaobiaoxianweisiyouquande。congjiazhishengchanheanlaofenpeidejiaodukan,yidingshiqinei,zhiyaorenmenhaicunzaizhuiqiujingjiliyidexuqiu——zheizaigongchanzhuyideqianqishibirande,duishengchanzhutishidangdesiyouquanbaohu,biruduishangpinhuochanpinpinpaidebaohu,shiyouliyugulishengchanzhutijiaqianglaodongzhiliangjiasuxiaoyonggengxindejijixingde。erduizhenggeshehuilaijiang,gulishehuichengyuangerenfamingchuangzaodeleisiyuzhuanliquan、zhishichanquan——jishizhishitamendecanyu,dejianglijizhi,yidingshiqineiyehaishiduixiaoyongfazhansuoyoulide。suoyi,gonggonglaodongguanxidediaozheng,jiuzongyaojiyouliyuxiaoyongyishidezengqiang——shijishiyaoqiujiaqiangjishulingdaohexiezuonengli,youyaoyiwanshanzuiqimabushanghaigonggonglaodongdefangxiangweiqigenben。

加拿大28开奖官网  shidangdesiyouquancanyuhegongchanzhuyigonggonglaodongshijibingbujueranmaodun。zaishangshugongchanzhuyigonggonglaodongzhong,zheizhongkansidesiyouquancanyu,shijijiushigonggonglaodongbenshen,shizheizhonggonggonglaodongdeyitiliangmian,shigonggonglaodongzhutidezijianada28kaijiangguanwangbaohu。renhedegonggonglaodongzhutibudongdebaohuziji,shibukenengyebukexiangxiangde。zhiyuzheizhongsiyouquanbiaoxiansuochanshengdexiaojiyingxiang,haiyaogonggonglaodongbenshendefazhanwanshanjiejue。suoyijianada28kaijiangguanwangkandaigonggonglaodong,jiuyehaiyaoqufentashiduodafanweiduogaocengmiandegonggonglaodong。gonggonglaodongdefanweihecengmianbutong,jishulingdaohexiezuodefanweihecengmianyejiubutong。youshengchanzhutineibudegonggonglaodonghejishulingdaoxiezuo,youzhenggeshehuicengmiangonggonglaodonghejishulingdaoxiezuo。zailaodongxiaowangdezijuezuzhigongzuozhong,shibutongfanweihecengmiandegonggonglaodonghejishuxiezuo,youlingdaoyouzuzhihubuxiediaodigongtongtuijinzhegongchanzhuyijieduanshiyongjiazhizhengtidexiaoyongjinbu。ergonggonglaodongdanweizhiguanlideyoudian,jiuzaiyutajishidanweijitidegonggonglaodong,keyizaidanweineibulingdaozuzhigaoxiaodejishuxiezuo,youkeyishishehuizhengtigonggonglaodongdezuchengbufen,yinerkeyishishehuizhengtijishulingdaohexiezuodezuchengbufen,qiejintuiziru,bijiaolinghuo。

加拿大28开奖官网  zaitantaoshiyongjiazhixiaoyonggengxinjizhideshihou,jianada28kaijiangguanwanghaiyinggaibadangqianheweilaishehuijiaowangnenglidefazhanduirenmenjiaowangfangshideyingxiang,duikejifazhanfangshideyingxiang,congerduishiyongjiazhixiaoyonggengxinjizhideyingxiang,kaolvzainei。yinweijiaowangnenglidefazhan,jiangzuizhongshishiyongjiazhidexiaoyonggengxin,buzaishihuobuzaijinjinshishengchanfangdeshi,eryulaiyushixiaofeizhezijideshi。

  shangyijiejiangdaoguoshehuijiaowangnengli。gumingsiyi,shehuijiaowangnenglijiushirenyurenzhijianjiaowangdenengli。zheigenenglisuijishutiaojiandefazhan,yeshizaibuduandefazhande。youjinpingliangtuijiaowangdenengli,yeyoujintianzaidiannaoshoujishangzubuchuhutianxiashijinshouyiwangdejiaowangnengli。

  jiaowangnengliduishehuishengchanliduirenmendeshehuishengchanzuzhixingshideyingxiangshijudade。

加拿大28开奖官网  zaishangpinshehuizhiqian,renmenshehuijiaowangnenglicongershehuishengchanlidoushihendide。shishangpinshichangdefazhan——shengchanyuxiaofeifenli,chanshengchulezhuanmencongshishehuijiaowanglaodongderen——shangren,caitigaoleshehuidejiaowangnengli,caicuchengleshengchanbaokuoziranrenshifangmiandezhuanyehuafengong,caicuchengleshehuishengchanliheduiziranrenshinenglidejudadefazhan。

加拿大28开奖官网  shichang(zibenzhuyishichang)xingchengyihou,duiziranderenshi——jikeji,shizhijieyuzhuanyehuadeshengchanjiehezaiyiqiweizhuanyehuadeshengchanjianada28kaijiangguanwangde。zheiweigebumenshiyongjiazhidexiaoyonggengxintigongleqiangdadezhichihehoudun,shijishibumenneibugeshengchanzhutiyizhichuzaibuduandexiaoyonggengxinfazhanjingsaidangzhong。danzheishihou,yushengchanfenlikailaidexiaofeizhe,zaichanpindexiaoyonggengxinzhong,haiyizhishichuzaixiaojibeidongdeweizhishangde,suirantazuiyinggaiguanxinchanpindexiaoyong,dantaduichanpindexiaoyonggengxinchulexiaofeixuanze,quewuyuangengduodecanyunengli。

加拿大28开奖官网  raner,suizheshehuijiaowangnenglidefazhan,shichangduishengchanhexiaofeidezhongjiegelizuoyong,zongyouneimeyitianhuibeishehuijiaowangnenglidechongfenfazhansuochongpo。birucongjintiandewangluojishijiaowangjiuyijingkeyikanchuzheigeduanwei。jieshi,youyupubianjishijiaowangdeshixian,youqishidapolesiyouguanniandegongchanzhuyigezhongziliaoxinxigongxiangkongjiandejianli,jiangshimeigerendoukeyishunjianzhanyousuoxudesuoyougelingyuziliao,neishiduirenheziranrenshidezhuanyehuafengongjiangbeidapo,renrendoukeyiyoutiaojianchengweigelingyudedingjizhuanjia,kexuejiangbuzaishimoushaoshuzhuanjiaxuezhedezhuanli,youyumeigerendanaocongshengcundouzhengzhongdejudajiefang,quanrenleidedanao——zheishiqijinrenleizuikebaoguideziyuan,neishijiangdedaozuiyouxiaodikaifahezuichongfendilianjie,renleijianghuodeduishijierenshinenglidekongqiandeyuejin。jieshi,suishangyeshichangzhongjiedexiaoshi,youqizaigongchanzhuyigonggongchanpindeshengchanhexiaofeizhong,xiaofeiheshengchandeduili、xiaofeizheheshengchanzhededuilijiangbeidapo,jiaowangzhongdezhongjiejiaowanglaodongxiaomie,xiaofeiyushengchanjiangzhujianzhongxintongyiqilai,xiaofeizheyushengchanzhejiangzhongxintongyiqilai。jieshichanpinxiaoyongdezhijiexiaofeizhe,jiangchengweichanpinxiaoyonggengxindezhijiecanyuzhe。renmenjiangzaitamenshiyongjiazhixiaoyonggengxindegongxiangpingtaishang——zheizhongpingtaizaowanhuijianli,gongtongtuijintamenshiyongjiazhidexiaoyongjinbu。neishi,xiaoyongjiangyuelaiyuejinjinshitixianrenyuzirandeguanxi,youyukexuedepujihefazhan,renmenjiangzijuedizuzhitamengezishengchanshenghuotiaojiandechixudizidonghuagaizao,zijuedizuzhifazhantamenconglaodong、ziyuanheshikongshufuzhongdegongtongjiefang。

  dangran,daoneigeshihou,zaixiaochuleshengchanhexiaofeidezhongjiejiaowangyihou,zaigequsuoxudexiaoyongshiyongjiazhigongxiangpingtaishang,yejiubucunzaixiaoyonggengxindejiliwentile。neishikaoheshengchanzhutidelaodongzhiliang,jiangzhiyishengchanzhutideanxushengchannengli,hetajieyueziyuan、caiyongbuduantupozheziyuanshufudexincailiaoxinnengyuanjishudenenglilaihengliang。

  十、自由生活量的表现形式

  ziranrijishenghuori。

  renmendeshenghuorishigudingbubiande。suoyi,bansuilaodongxiaowangjinchengdefazhan,laodongliangdejianshaoheziyoushenghuoliangdeyanzhangqushiyibanjiutongguoliangzhongxingshibiaoxianchulai:

  jiadingrilaodongshijianbubian,zetongguolaodongridejianshaohechuncuideziyoushenghuoridezengjiabiaoxianchulai。

加拿大28开奖官网  jiadingzonglaodongribubian,zetongguoshenghuorineilaodongshijiandesuoduanheziyoushenghuoshijiandeyanzhangbiaoxianchulai。

加拿大28开奖官网  shijishiliangzhongqingkuangdejiehe。

  gongchanzhuyishengchanzaishixianlerenmengezidejibenshenghuozhihou,zuizhonglaikanshijishirenmengongtongdelaodongwaiziyoushenghuoshijiandeshengchan。yiqiegonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchan,shuodaodidoushirenmenlaodongwaiziyoushenghuoshijiandeshengchan。gongchanzhuyishengchandemude,jiushigonggongbiyaochanpindeshengchan,huoshuorenmenlaodongwaigongtongdeziyoushijiandeshengchan。

  十一、公共劳动向人们共同的劳动外自由生活时间的转化

加拿大28开奖官网  qianmianjianada28kaijiangguanwangbagonggongchanpinzuoleliangzhonghuafenfangshi,zaishijifenpeizhongdehuafenfangshi,hezaishengchanzhongweilebianyushengchanguanlideyizhonglilundehuafenfangshi。qianzhe,jianada28kaijiangguanwangbafeilaodongzhedexiaofeifangzaigerenbiyaochanpindeshehuichengyuananxudingliangxiaofeizhong,houzhejianada28kaijiangguanwangbafeilaodongzhehefeishengchanxinglaodongzhedexiaofei,fangzaigonggongbiyaochanpindezhong。yejiushishuo,zaiqianyizhonggerenbiyaochanpinzhongbaohanlesuoyoushehuichengyuandexiaofeihesuoyoulaodongzhe(baokuoshengchanxinglaodongzhehefeishengchanxinglaodongzhe)dexiaofeilaodongjiangli,erhouyizhonggerenbiyaochanpin,zezhibaokuoshengchanxinglaodongzhedexiaofeihejiangli。

加拿大28开奖官网  zaihouyizhonghuafenzhong,chudangqishengchanxinglaodongzhewaidesuoyoushehuichengyuansuoxiaofeidegonggongbiyaochanpin,zuoweishehuizongshenghuoliangbaochuleshehuizonglaodongliangdeshengyu,zhijiedejiuzhuanhuachenglerenmenlaodongwaideziyoushenghuoshijian。

  ——zheiliyaozaicitiqingzhuyi: zaigongchanzhuyijieduantidaolaodongliangheshenghuoliangdeguanxiwenti,yijingbutongyuzibenzhuyijieduan。zibenzhuyijieduanhenglianglaodongliangheshenghuoliangdechidushilaodongshijian,erzaigongchanzhuyijieduanhenglianglaodongliangheshenghuoliangdechidu,zhijieyijingshishenghuoshijian,baokuotadejiazhixingshi。

  erzheshiyoubenzhibutongde。

  youyushengchanlvdebutong,yilaodongshijianweichidushitongyanglaodongliangsuohengliangdaibiaodeshenghuoliang,tongqisuobaohandekegongrenshijishenghuodeshijianliangshibuxiangtongde。yilaodongshijianweichidusuobiaoshideshenghuoliangzhishiyigemingyideshenghuoliang,heshijianshenghuoshijianhengliangdeshenghuoliangzhijianhaixuyaoyouyigehuansuan。ershenghuoshijianchidujiubuxuyaozheiyangdehuansuan。tashiyongshenghuoshijianzhijiehenglianglaodongliangheshenghuoliang,erzhebuxuyaohuansuan。

加拿大28开奖官网  guanyugongchanzhuyijiazhishengchandeshenghuoshijianchiduwenti,jianada28kaijiangguanwangjiangzaiguanyujiazhishengchandebufenzhuantilaitan。

加拿大28开奖官网  zaigonggonglaodongguanlizhong,jianada28kaijiangguanwangkeyiyongdangqishehuizongdegerenbiyaochanpinheshehuizongdegonggongbiyaochanpindebiv:m,huogonggongbiyaochanpinmzhangonggongzongchanpinv+mdebilv,laizhijiebiaoshirenmenconglaodongzhongdejiefanghuorenmenziyoushenghuofazhandechengdu。yigechengjiefangbi、laodongbi,yigechengjiefanglv、huoziyoushenghuolv。

  十二、非生产性劳动

  gongchanzhuyilaodong,chuleshengchanxinglaodong,haiyoufeishengchanxinglaodong。

  zaigongchanzhuyishehui,feishengchanxinglaodongshizhizaiwuzhichanpindeshengchanyiwai,yijianada28kaijiangguanwangshehuiweimudeerfeiyiwuzhideshengchanweimudedeqitashehuijianada28kaijiangguanwangxinglaodong。zaigongchanzhuyishehui,tayeshiyizhonggonggonglaodong。

加拿大28开奖官网  feishengchanxinglaodongshizaijiaoyuanshideshehuijiuchanshenglede。zaijiejishehui,feishengchanxinglaodongwangwangyouyujiejitongzhiheyapoboxuelianxizaiyiqi。zaigongchanzhuyishehui,suiranzaitadechushijieduanyehaiyouzhenyajiejidirenduiwaifangyudengzhineng,danyuelaiyueduodebiaoxianweishehuiguanliheyurendequanmianfazhanxiangguandekejiaowenweixiangguandeshehuihuodong。

  raner,shehuihuodongconglaibuquanshilaodong,yinweirendehuodongconglaidoubuquanshilaodong。erzhexuyaoyougequfen。

  zaigongchanzhuyiyiqianshishehui,laodongshouxianyuhuoquwuzhishenghuoziliaoyouguan。tahuoshizhijiedewuzhishengchanhuodong,huoshitongguoxiangshehuitigongmouzhongyoujiazhidejianada28kaijiangguanwangcongerkeyicongshehuineilimouqiuyidingdeshenghuoziliaodehuodong。gongchanzhuyijieduan,suiranrenmenjinrurenheyigedanweihuoshenghuogongtongtizongshixiananpaishenghuoranhouzaianpaigongzuo,suiranyinweizijizhurendeshenfenrenmenzaizijijitizhongdelaodongyijingchengweiyizhonglisuodangrandebenfenbenneng,yijingyuelaiyueshiquletamoushengdehuoshiweishengcundouzhengdeyiwei,dananlaofenpeijiranhaizai,neimejiuhaibunengshuolaodongyijingzuihoushiquletaweishenghuomoushengdeyiyi,zheiyangzheizhonghuodongjiuyiranyaoshoudaoweimouqiushenghuoziliaozheiyizirandeshehuidebiranxingdeshufu,jiuyehaiyoulaodongdexingzhi。

  zhiyouzaigongchanzhuyigaojijieduanshang,shengchangongjuyijingdaitilerenbenshen,shengchanxinglaodongyijingwanquankeyixiaowangle,renmendeshehuihuodongyeyijingwanquankeyibuzaishiweilehuoqushenghuoziliao,buzaishouzheiyiziranheshehuibiranxingshufule,neishidefeishengchanxingshehuihuodong,caibuzaijuyoulaodongdexingzhi,caichediguiyurendehuodong。

  lingyifangmian,laodongdecunzai,haiyuhuoshifengong、huoshichuncuizirandehuoshehuidebiranxingyueshusuozaochengderendebuziyouyouguanxi。zhiyaohaishilaodongdedifang,renjiuyidingjingchangdiganshoudaozijideshouyueshuhebuziyou。xiangfan,zhiyaoshiziyoudeziyuandebushouyueshudedifang,jiuduozhishiyizhongziyouhuodong,erbuzaishilaodong。

  dangran,zaigongchanzhuyidiyijieduan,suigongyegemingzaixiaomielaodongshangdefazhan,suizherenyuelaiyueduodecongwuzhishengchanlingyutuolijiefangchulai,yifangmianjinruanxufenpeideshenghuoziliaohuiyuelaiyueguang,gezifenpeideliangyehuiyuelaiyueduo,lingyifangmiankejiaowenweijiaowangdengshehuihuodongyoujiangdedaokongqiandefazhan,erqizhongyibufenxuyaozhuanyerenshisuocongshidehuodongjiangzuoweifeishengchanxinglaodongcunzai。gongchanzhuyidiyijieduan,shengchanxinglaodongzaibuduandexiaojian——zheigexiaojianyushengchanxinglaodongzaishenduheguangdushangdejinyibufazhanbingbumaodun。yucitongshi,feishengchanxinglaodongjiuyeyaodedaoxiangyingdijiaqiang,tongshifeishengchanxinglaodongherenmenlaodongwaideziyouhuodongdeneihanwaiyanzaishenduheguangdushang,yetongyanghuidedaobuduandetuokuan。zaizheili,gonggonglaodongchanpindeyibufen,jiuyaozhuanhuachengfeishengchanxinglaodongzhedejianglijijin。

加拿大28开奖官网  zuihou,feishengchanxinglaodongyehaishiyougebuduandexiaojianhezuizhongdexiaowangwenti。tadexiaojianyiranshishouleshengchanshenghuozhongrengongzhinenggongjubuduanfazhandeyingxiang。tadexiaowangzuizhongdejuedingyushangshushengchanxinglaodongdexiaowang。

  zichanjiejidezhishifenzi,laoshizuomengkebukeyiyongsuoweidisanchanye(shijijiushifeishengchanxinglaodong)xiaohuagongyegemingzhongdaliangshiyerenkoudebanfa,laiyongzuogongchanzhuyidetidaifangan。tamenyongguojiagulichaofangchaogureqingdijieshiguojiadegulijingjizengzhang,tongxitouxijiaotuinacuobeidufangdekuodashenzhimaiyindehefahua,laijieshijiuye。zheili,jishibukaolvtamendezhishangwenti,jishikejiaowenweiheshehuijiaowanglingyudefeishengchanxinglaodongqueshixuyaohendachengdudefazhan,tamendezheige“disanchanye”yexishoubuleneimeduodeshengyurenkou,zheige“disanchanye”benshenyebukenengziwaiyulaodongdexiaomiejinchengduisuoyouchanyedexiaomiejincheng。

  (daixu)

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